Similarities And Differences Between Ancient Rome And Greece

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While the great civilization of Greece was in decline, a new city to the west was developing and increasing its power. Rome grew from a small settlement to a mighty civilization that eventually conquered the Mediterranean world. Rome assimilated into the Greek way of life but besides this, there were still existed major differences between ancient Rome and ancient Greek especially the Athens. The history of ancient Romans and ancient Greek can be compared and contrasted illustrating their economy and leadership characteristics of both countries.
Both Ancient Rome and Greece have a very similar economy. The economy of ancient cultures, including both Greece and Rome, was based on agriculture. Greeks ideally lived on small self-sufficient wheat-producing farms, but bad agricultural practices made many households incapable of feeding themselves. Big estates took over, producing wine and olive oil, which were also the chief exports of the Romans—not too surprisingly, given their shared geographical conditions and the popularity of these two necessities. The Romans, who imported their wheat and annexed provinces that could provide them with this all-important staple, also farmed, but they also engaged in trade. As Rome developed into an urban center, writers compared the simplicity/boorishness/moral high ground of the country's pastoral/farming life, with the politically charged, trade-based life of a city-center dweller. Manufacturing was also an urban occupation. Both Greece
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