Similarities And Differences Between Apes And Humans

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Question 1 The superfamily includes all apes and humans, the family includes great apes and humans, the subfamily includes chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans, and the tribe includes humans. The gibbons are a part of a family called the Hylobatidae family. Other primates are involved in four taxa, the superfamily, family, subfamily, and tribe. These taxa separate primates by evolutionary traits in each taxa. The superfamily’s taxon is called Hominoidea, the family’s is called Hominidae, the subfamily’s is called Homininae, and the tribe’s is called Hominini. The gibbons are a part of another family called the Hylobatidae family. The Hylobatidae and Hominidae families have developmental significance in that they have shoulder sockets which…show more content…
Gorillas are another example of primates that exhibit sexual dimorphism. The females average 158 pounds, while the males average 374 pounds. Gorillas are vegetarian but all eat some insects and small animals. Gorillas can climb trees but spend most of their time on the ground where they walk on their knuckles and feet. Like the orangutans they reproduce slowly; most have their first child after age nine and have children about every four years. Chimpanzees also have three subspecies, one found in west Africa, one in central Africa, and one in east Africa. These species have subtle differences in appearance. They also exhibit sexual dimorphism but it is less extreme than gorillas. The male generally weights between 90-130 pounds, and the female weighs between 70 and 100 pounds. They are also mainly vegetarian, but fruit is a bigger part of their diet than gorillas. Bonobos are closely related to chimpanzees and exhibit slight sexual dimorphism. The males weigh 86 pounds, and the females weigh 68 pounds. They live in rainforests and eat vegetation and insects. Both of these species walk on their feet and palms. Humans are a part of all the taxa and their own called Homo Sapiens. We are distinguished by our straight backs and that we walk on two limbs. We are also distinguished by our large brains and relative hairlessness. We are the only primate that does not have
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