Similarities And Differences Between New England And The Chesapeake Region

Decent Essays
By the eighteenth century, New England and the Chesapeake region were drastically different. The colonies in both areas lacked similarities because of the separate reasons for colonization and values the colonists had. The people who settled in New England went there for religious reasons, and because they were predominantly Puritan the colonies were founded on Puritan values. In contrast, the southern colonies were created for profit. These allowed for economic, demographic, and societal differences.
During this time period, European countries and companies were competing to obtain colonies and wealth in the Western Hemisphere. The seventeenth century also saw the rise of popularity of join-stock companies, which funded several colonies. Most people sought to venture to America because of the opportunity for wealth or to seek religious freedom. The Virginia Company of London and Plymouth, for instance, were given a charter by King James I. They ended up colonizing Jamestown and Plymouth respectively.
The economy of New England was relatively diverse and depended far less on cash crops than the south. Its farms were self-sufficient and sold surpluses for money, whereas the south depended on plantations for tobacco and other cash crops. Even the first settlers were entirely motivated by profit; Document 6 portrays the first people who arrived at Jamestown as greedy gold-seekers, ill-prepared for the New World’s climates and too consumed by the thought of wealth to care.
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