Countries will face many problems due to climate change and the capacity of a government to provide health care will be reduced dramatically. What water scarcity does not necessarily mean the availability of water, with the planet being 70 percent water, but the quality of water. Presently, poor countries are already being affected by water scarcity. It is reported that currently 1.2 billion people do not have access to safe drinking water and this figure will be 2.7 to 3.5 billion people by 2025 if effective steps are not taken to mitigate the water scarcity problem. Climate change causes different factors which may headway for political and social conflicts, so water scarcity will have major impacts on populations’ health. South Asian Studies is a reputable research journal out of the University of Punjab, which has been printed and available online since 1984. Muhammad Zakria Zakar, one of the three authors of this article is a professor at the University of Punjab. Rebeena Zakar, second of the three authors is the Chairman of the Public Health and Quantitative Social Research department at the University of Punjab. Third and final author of this paper is Florian Fischer, a professor at University of Bielefeld in Germany. The evidence of human caused climate change affecting the entire worlds water resources I can use to support my argument on water scarcity and its effects on
In recent years overconsumption of water has drained the earth’s river basins faster than rain can replenish them. An average person’s daily water footprint i.e. the total amount of water consumed to support their lifestyle is 3,800 liters. Most of this consumption relates to the crops that are farmed to provide us with food and clothing. Irrigation consumes an enormous amount of water, and the effects of this are seen at every stage in the food chain. For example 98 percent of the water footprint created by raising beef cattle comes from growing the grain that feeds the cows during their lifetimes. For each kilogram of steak produced, we consume 15,415 liters of water. That’s enough drinking water to last one person nearly 17 years. Growing water footprint is partly a result of our increasing population; but it is also compounded by the fact that irrigation systems, especially in the developing world, are often extremely inefficient. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization states that even a good irrigation scheme is only 50-60 percent efficient. Poor irrigation systems can result in the vast majority of the water being lost to evaporation, seepage and other problems before it reaches the fields. Moreover, once it gets there, if farmers choose to irrigate at the wrong time for example, just before it rains, the water will be wasted and the crops may even be damaged.
Water is one of the most precious resources, which support the life of almost everything in the world. Indeed, the world is covered by 75% water, but most of this water is not suitable for human consumption or use. On the same note, the world has been increasing its consumption of water due to the increasing population, leading to increased demands. The increased water consumption, which has been a result of high population, is worrying because the matter may lead to massive water shortages in the future.
The water supply now and in the future affects the population in many ways. According to “Water in 2050”, the water supply is the determining factor of how large the population may grow. In some areas lack of
The Wrong Way to Think about California Water by Michael Hiltzik informs readers on his thoughts of the various ways water is consumed in the world. He discusses the topics of water bottles, agriculture, urban use, reservoirs, and crop irrigation. Mr. Hiltzik supports his claims with numerous facts and he indicates problems on how water is consumed.
This population provided the needed labor in the commercial exploitation of oil. With the small percentage of arable land and low precipitation in the country, it became considerably important to develop water alternatives that meet the peoples’ needs. Since the country has little amounts of surface water, it has focused on the extraction of underground water and desalinization in order to sustain the growing water demands. Similarly, the economic proceedings in the country have facilitated the appropriate means of supplying water. Regardless of the government’s efforts, there still exists a huge gap between the amount of water supplied and its demand. Therefore, the study focuses on the factors that influence water crisis in UAE. In analyzing the water crisis, the study seeks to establish the role that nature and people play in contributing to the phenomenon. In this regard, conclusions will be drawn based on the major contributor, which has escalated the water crisis in UAE. This implies nature will entail factors such as the level of precipitation and availability of surface and underground water, which enhance the adversity of water crisis in the country. On the other hand, people will entail analysis of the level of water utilization in activities such as agriculture, electricity generation, and consumption. Therefore, they can establish the major contributors to the water crisis.
A new comprehensive study conducted by Dr Arjen Hoestra of the Netherlands’ University of Twente, demonstrates that water scarcity around the world is a getting worst than ever. Water shortage is becoming a global issue that may result in regional conflicts, economic losses and environmental risks.
Solomon’s overall and comprehensive thesis is that, during the entire history, in the countries, where water resources have been increased and became most manageable, potable and navigable, the societies have normally been
Brazil, is in East South America and has many neighboring countrie. Brazil is located East of Venezuela, Guyana, Peru, ect. And West/Southwest of Argentina, Uruguay, and the Atlantic Ocean. “Brazil is as large as the whole of Europe” (Richard 7). Brazil has a great geography, a tropical climate, Federal government, growing economy, diverse culture, and interesting facts that are fun.
In Developing parts of the world, specially Central Asia, South East Asia and Africa most of the water used for agriculture. In every mentioned area more than eighty percent of total water consumed this way. Industry consumes a small portion of total water consumption in these areas. In Latin America, agriculture is the leader in consumption of water resources as well; but there is a trend toward decreasing water consumption for agriculture. They use seventy one percent of total water for agriculture
How does a nation’s income needs compare to its citizen’s need for water? This is the question China is debating right now. Since 1999, China has been struggling with their water supply. The country must decide where their priorities lie. Despite efforts, China has not been able to control the water-scarcity crisis sweeping the nation due to many factors. The scarcity of water across the nation is greatly affecting the country in many ways. So why is water so scarce in China and what has led to the current state of this issue? There are three main causes of China’s water scarcity crisis: population increase, limited water access, and industrial and agricultural water needs. Of these, the biggest driver is industrial and agricultural needs.
There are a lot of similarities and dissimilarities between India and Brazil when it comes to culture which are as follows:
Why should we care about water consumption? From 1991 to 1999, residential water use in Canada increased by 21%. Today, Canadian rank as the world’s second highest per capita water use, with an average use of 329 litres of water per person per day. However, only … liters are really “needed” for proper living. Even scarier is that the water crisis is the #1 global risk based on impact to society (as a measure of devastation), as announced by the World Economic Forum in January 2015.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country located in the heart of Africa. It has an ample amount of water due to the rivers and fresh water abundance but has been in a water shortage crisis for nearly three decades now. The Democratic Republic of the Congo has several social, economic and environmental issues associated with its water shortage. The country is prone to seasonal droughts in the southern regions and seasonal flooding of the Congo river. They have plenty of water but most of it is considered undrinkable because of the pollution and diseases carried in the rivers. Additionally, the increase in the mining of minerals, like diamonds and gold, has spiked a peak in environmental threats. Even worse, the Democratic Republic
Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world. It will also identify causes and effects of this environmental problem on society and other spheres of life. Moreover, in this essay I am going to propose