Similarities Between Kantian Ethics And Utilitarianism

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As the world witnessed the horrors of 9/11 and the ensuing Global War on Terror committed by different belligerents, it found itself in an ethical debate as how it was to respond to this reality. The Church found itself in a particularly peculiar situation as it is widely regarded as a moral compass a majority of all people of earth.

In an attempt to tackle the ethical and moral issues with the question of whether or not to sanction an armed effort to defend against terrorism, the Church very often referred back to its received normative ethical framework for the justification of war, namely the Just War theory. The pope used Just War Theory as an argument against the American-led invasion of Iraq in 2003. At the same time, five leading evangelical Christian leaders outlined their support for the invasion in what is know as the Land
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Before Kant, the philosophical thinkers of the day had slowly been shifting from Platonic and Aristotelian virtue ethics towards a consequentialist view in which people were seen as means towards an arbitrary end. This rejection of utilitarian and consequentialist systems holds a strong appeal to the Christian for many reasons, and numerous similarities between Kantian philosophy and ideas of many Christians can be noticed in several areas. One example of this is Kant's idea of good will which resonates closely with Christian virtue ethics. Another Kantian idea is that moral truth can be determined by man, a concept which is reminiscent of Aquinas' practice of regarding reason as a mean to arrive at the natural law. For example, Kant's idea of good will approximates the virtue ethics held by many Christians, and his belief that moral truths can be determined by man echoes Aquinas’ commitment to using reason to arrive at the natural law.(repetetive last
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