Similarities Between Middle Ages And Renaissance

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The end of the Middle Ages and beginning of the Renaissance brought many shifts to European societal structure. The face of Christianity changed considerably from the fourteenth century to the mid-sixteenth century, beginning with disagreement over who should hold absolute power, the Pope or the Holy Roman Emperor. While the corporate Catholic church had once maintained a fairly unified influence on society, a more nuanced form of Christianity began developing, leading to reformed religious groups with opposing views, namely the Protestants and Anglicans. In the wake of differing opinions, people’s group identification mattered significantly, determining what people they sided with and who they couldn’t tolerate. With more complex religious and political perspectives came more opportunities for people to distance themselves from peers, family, and leaders ideologically. Frequent mentions of treacherous actions within the literature of this time demonstrates that these differing views made people feel betrayed by their associates. The idea of betrayal is prominent in the lives and texts of several authors of this period, including Dante, Thomas More, and Niccolò Machiavelli. From a Christian perspective, betrayal was a grave sin befitting serious punishment, while it was irrational from a Humanist perspective and an inevitable, even beneficial part of mankind from an amoral perspective. During the tumultuous political and religious climate of the High Middle Ages and
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