Similarities and Differences Between Ancient Greek and Byzantine Art

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Part A: Plan of Investigation Artists created their own unique style in Greek culture and with the creation of the Roman Empire, Greek artwork had been spread throughout the region. When the empire eventually split and faded from existence, Greek artwork had left its mark on the remaining civilizations. Because Byzantium had arisen from the ashes of the Roman Empire, Byzantine artwork incorporated aspects of Greek art within their own artwork. The purpose of this investigation is to compare and contrast art in ancient Greece and Byzantium. Recognizing the similarities and differences between two related cultures is vital in understanding the evolution of art from one culture to another. Within this investigation designs/patterns and…show more content…
Material found in both the pot itself and the glaze painted on its surface were similar in composition. Sculpture Marble, limestone, bronze, terra-cotta, wood and a combination of gold and ivory known as chryselephantine were mediums of ancient Greek sculptures used in the fifth century BCE. Statues were often adorned with pearl, gold, jewels and accessories to give them a more vivid appearance. Most statues were of male men athletes (naked), entities and mythological creatures such as centaurs. Many statues of significant figures were created after their death. Interest in the female nude body (divinity) later became more popular amongst Greek sculptors. In the fourth century, characterization came into play. Characterization focused on creating sculptures that were of no real person. Art in the Byzantine Golden Age Sculpture and Ivories Sculptures from the thirteenth century CE were almost exclusively limited to large cities and monuments and for decoration rather than a religious purpose. The largest religious statues were ivory carvings of the Virgin Mary and did not exceed 12 inches tall. Ivory plaques were often 12 inches tall and were placed in caskets, reliquaries, manuscript covers and furniture. A block of ivory was soaked in water and then carved while the material was porous and easier to carve. Some tools used were burins, scalpels, gouges, files, stylets, knives and drills. Mosaics Tesserae were

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