Similarities and Differences between Chinese Culture and Japanese Culture

1567 Words Oct 6th, 2013 7 Pages
Similarities and Differences between
Chinese Culture and Japanese Culture

All collectives and groups in the world, no matter big countries or small families, have their own cultures. There is no single definition which can suit everyone’s understanding of culture. For example, Hofstede defines culture as ‘something consists of the unwritten rules of the social game’ (Refer to Bibliography No.1, p. 6); Hoebel and Frost define culture as an ‘integrated system of learned behaviour patterns’ (Refer to Bibliography No.2, p. 6); Ferraro offers a definition of culture as ‘everything that people have, think, and do as members of their society’ (Refer to Bibliography No.3, p. 19).
As two important countries on earth, China and Japan have
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Chinese and Japanese people also pay close attention to social positions of their own and others, while in social situations words and attitude toward superior or subordinate are completely different. Both Chinese and Japanese people lay emphasis on protection and inheritance of traditional culture. Spring Festival, Tomb-sweeping Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, etc. are celebrated as statutory holiday in China, while in Japan, people celebrate all kinds of traditional festivals including Bon holiday, Seven-Five-Three Festival etc. Most Chinese and Japanese people do not like to make public or show off, they prefer to have their opinions expressed implicitly. When being unfairly treated, they also try hard to keep the attitude of patience, diffusion and forgiveness. This point can be tested and verified through “Long term orientation” theory of Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions as follows.
Both China and Japan belong to “Long term orientation”. In the Website, during the analysis conclusion part for China, it mentions:” China is a highly long term oriented society in which persistence and perseverance are normal. Relationships are ordered by status and the order is observed. …Traditions can be adapted to suit new conditions.” While when it comes to Japan, it says:” At 80 Japan scores as one of the long term oriented societies. …People live their lives guided by virtues and practical good examples.”

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