Similarities and Differences in Parent and Child Characteristics

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Children are like fingerprints, not one is the same as another. Appearance, personality, and the pace at which we develop are unique to each person. Although individuality is celebrated, new parents are often eager to pick out characteristics of their children that are similar to their own. They may notice their infant has the same vibrant, red hair as his mother or loves reading as much as his father. Such similarities and differences between a parent and a child can be caused by a variety of reasons. In this paper I will explore two broad categories, environmental factors and inherited characteristics, as the basis of these characteristic variations. Carson had a normal, natural birth with a labor time of about ten hours. He…show more content…
With Carson, I feel I made a conscious effort to try and foster language development as much as possible even when he was an infant simply by having conversations with him during daily routines and exposing him to language. As he grew older, I encouraged him to interact with the environment by taking him to new places and engaging with him and the toys he was using. Furthermore, studies have found there is a genetic link to verbal abilities (which is also correlated with verbal intelligence). In one study it was concluded that the genetic influences on verbal intelligence become more significant over one’s lifetime in explaining differences between individuals, whereas environmental factors decrease (Hoekstra, Bartels, van Leeuwen, Boomsma, 2009). Additionally, twin and adoption studies on verbal memory and fluency in early childhood (as well as adulthood) show that there are “moderate to strong” genetic influences (Hoekstra, Bartels, van Leeuwen, Boomsma, 2009). Similarly, one reason Carson’s temperament could be parallel to my own is the concept of passive gene-environment correlation. This is the idea that parents pass on genes to their child and consequently create an environment that enhances these characteristics (Price, Jaffee, 2008). A 2008 study investigating the effects of passive gene-environment correlation defines it as children “inheriting exposure to family environments” (Price, Jaffee, 2008). For instance, if I was
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