This paper addresses human rights abuses against members of the LGBT community in Russia. The LGBT community has been a marginalized group of society in Russia in many ways throughout history, however the legislation that was recently passed in Russia goes a step further to strip these individuals of their human rights and dignity. The legislation is inconsistent with several human rights provisions in international treaties that have been ratified by Russia: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR); International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR); Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment (CAT); and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC); European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR); and the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT). There are also several articles in Russia’s own constitution which are incompatible with current human rights abuses against the LGBT community, as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), and the Yogyakarta Principles.
Oppression against the LGBT, or Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender, community has been going on in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Recently, Russian authorities have been cracking down on gay rights. Russian president Vladimir Putin has created new laws that do not ban homosexuality, but place restrictions on what can be said to children about homosexuality. The LGBT community can’t be proud of who they are in Russia. They can’t openly come out comfortably without feeling as if it’s wrong. LGBT rights are very important and are something that shouldn’t be discriminated against because they’re no different than anyone else. They shouldn’t be abused just because they like someone of the same gender. The LGBT community is full of the nicest and
Homophobia is transporting Russia back in time to the late 1800s and early 1900s—the epoch of the racial issues in America. With several gay rights being legalized, it seemed that Russia had begun to accept the LGBT community into their society. But the violent and repressive actions towards gay people and their supporters have proved that Russia is not becoming any more tolerant of gays. It is unsure if Russians even view gays as humans. The present status of the Russian homophobia problem is starting to spiral out of control. Given Russia’s oscillating history with the LGBT community, it’s nearly impossible to predict whether or not Russia will accept or kill the gay people. Based on the current situation, it seems like the former will
In 1988 the “American Republican President Ronald Reagan...[Authorized] all four of the court’s major gay rights ruling” (Reuters,2015). This is when America noticed that everyone should be given equal rights regardless of their orientation. Shortly after this proposal gay marriage had become legalized in 12 American states, however, 36 states are still banning gay marriage (Weese,2013).In 2010 American action, President Obama “signed a law allowing gays to serve openly in the U.S military(Reuters,2015).This step occurred in Canada many years ago as well as equality for the all so many smaller actions have been taken to end hate crime. In Canada, Regina Saskatchewan Police Services have created a Report Homophobic Violence, Period (RHVP) training seminar, with hopes to eliminate hate crime towards the LGBTQ community (Hamelin, pg.A.4). This program not only aims to educate the authority system about hate crime towards LGBTQ communities but it also informs the police services of positive stigmas to refer to. Programs similar to the Saskatchewan training seminar should be created so that the severity of hate crime offences towards the LGBTQ are acknowledge. In Canada, “Vancouver reported the highest proportion of hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation (26%)” (Dowden, 2012).In 2009“74 per cent of hate crimes …were motivated by sexual orientation, with 63 per cent resulting in injury (Dowden, 2012). In recent hate crime studies a decrease in statistic shows that only “16% of motivated hate crimes…accounted for sexual orientation” (Dowden, 2012). But 65% of hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation were violent” (Dowden, 2012). This shows that Canada is in fact taking an initiative to end the discrimination against the LGBTQ community but not taking in counter of the severity in which these cases are causing. In addition to hate crime statistics for the
Lesbians, Gays, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and HIV victims (LGBTQH) encounter many difficult moments in the world’s different society settings. Many beliefs and norms are against them, and those looking after their well-being are very few. According to the article, released on 29th of May this year, the rates of violence among these groups are on the rise, even though campaigns against the act have been intensified. The violence is sometimes severe as it sometime lead to deaths, more so to the lesbians and gays. Many efforts and anti-violence campaigns are in place, but few survivors report these types of violence to the police, and in case they reports, they face police hostility. This has made the fight against
If someone does not agree with an idea or another’s lifestyle it could lead to a hate crime. An example of this would be the rape and murder of Hande Kadere, a transgender woman in the country of Turkey. A prominent member of Turkey’s LGBT community was murdered August 12, 2016 because she lived a different lifestyle from others. Turkey is a very conservative country and homosexuality is not illegal, but it is not encouraged, there are no laws that protect transgender and gay Turks from assault and harassment, Turkish officials regularly make homophobic and transphobic speeches, The week before Kadere’s murder a gay syrian refugee named Muhammad Wisam Sankari was abducted from his home, raped, and also killed. Attacks on LGBT individuals are often ignored or lightly investigated. Courts regularly reduce or suspend the sentences of criminals convicted of these assaults. In October 2014, in the case of Çağla Joker, the victim of a hate-crime killing in Tarlabaşı, she suffered an armed attack in Tarlabaşı on the night of 20 April 2014, 25-year-old Çağla Joker was wounded in the chest, lost her life at the site of the incident. The man who killed her was sentenced to 16 years and got a reduction on his sentence for being 17 years old, said in testimony given in court. The court reduced the defendant’s sentence to ten years on the grounds of unjust provocation, good behavior, and on account of him being younger than 18. It is said the sentence reductions being applied to defendants accused of hate crimes would not help to end the murders. In 1996 a seventeen year old woman was taken into custody while performing sex work in Merter, and underwent torture for a week at the Gayrettepe Police Headquarters. The oppression and torture that the police perpetrated against transgender women, the police torture was systematically perpetrated against trans women sex workers for a period lasting from 1996 to 1999, the
In light of the recent election putting a man with questionable morality in the powerful seat of President, many in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community are fearful of the repercussions this will cause. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, “867 cases of hateful harassment or intimidation [were reported] in the United States in the 10 days after the November 8 election”, and swastikas adorned people’s cars and homes in angry graffiti, accompanying words such as “white power” and “fag”, “he she” and “die” (Yan). While the American legal system has come a long way in granting the homosexual community their natural rights, the present climate gives many a fear that things will go back to the way they were before, with homosexuals being oppressed and persecuted for simply loving who they love.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals, also known as LGBT population have experienced a great deal of oppression worldwide. These particular individuals undergo discrimination from society, whether for reasons of ignorance, fear or intolerance, this population faces challenges in multiple areas of social justice sexual. Although the LGBT culture has made some strides in the areas of state and federal legislation, there is still a wide range of criminalization that takes place within our culture. Understanding the LGBT community and the history of their oppression may be the first step in becoming culturally competent. For many years this culture was denied their basic constitutional rights that were afforded to their equal heterosexual peers. Basic rights such as, adoption and marriage were uncommon to this culture until the 20th century.
In Journal of Human Rights published in 2014, after the Equalities Act of 2010 enacted, the United Kingdom sees sexuality and gender identities as “protected characteristics,” with legal imperatives to address discrimination, and in Canada in the early 1990s, there were an opposition against gays and lesbian rights, but after sexual orientation recognized in 1995, gradually by 2013, gays and lesbians have equality rights. (Browne, 2014)
Although the issue of LGBT+ has been thrust to the forefront of issues in contemporary society, this is a battle that has affected social, political and health-related spectrums of our communities for decades. For many years, homosexuality was thought to be a psychiatric illness. In fact, it was defined as such by the APA until 1974. Gay conversion therapy was fairly popular, subjecting numerous patients to horrendous acts of torture in the name of medicine(source 3). On top of these brutal and quite frankly inhumane acts, there were laws and regulations prohibiting homosexuality. Although very loosely acted upon, it was these documents that paved the way for discrimination of LGBT members of the society to be discriminated against. Men and women alike could be easily discriminated against when trying to obtain housing or applying for immigration(Source 2). Without being able to partake in society as a functioning person, the disparity between sexual minorities and their heterosexual counterparts grew immensely.
In Marc Bennetts’ article, “Russia’s anti-gay law is wrong – but so is some of the criticism from the west”, he explains what exactly the law is about in laymen terms. Though the law is ‘vaguely’ word as Bennetts puts it, the law basically outlaws propaganda of homosexuality to minors. Bennetts is stating how the western world, the United States mostly, has played into Vladimir Putin’s hands by its criticism of the law.
Based on the discussion from the Williams Institute, it is evident that there continues to be a prevalence of discrimination among groups that are not viewed as culturally acceptable in our county. In this article, it is reported that people are more likely to experience hate crimes based on their sexual orientations. For instance, 44% of people reported experience physical violence (without a weapon) because of their sexual orientation, and 80% had been verbally harassed (Herek, 2009). Although the Hates Crimes Statistic Law became effective in 1990, the stigma surrounding the LGBTQ community continues to affect their everyday life. It may defer a person by identified their sexual orientation for the fear of being discriminating in the workplace,
Motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically involving violence is a hate crime. In Night by Elie Wiesel, Jews were punished with death because of their race. An article from the New York Times, by Ekaterina Sokirianskaia, informed the public about Chechnya's anti-gay programs and how prisoners were being treated. Surprisingly, these two stories were similar. According to the New York Times, Chechnya's police rounded up gay men and brutalized them in secret prisons. The men were punished because of their sexuality. Hate crimes thematically connect these two pieces.
Imagine feeling unsafe wherever you go, fearing that you’re going to be the next victim of a hate crime. Being terrified that your family is going to get a call saying that your body was found lifeless, bloody, and nearly unidentifiable on the side of the road. Gay and trans youth are constantly fearing that they are going to be killed, beaten, , kicked out, or unaccepted for something they cannot control. LGBT+ people are twice as likely to be victims of hate crimes than any other minority. Despite these statistics, the media hardly covers their deaths or beatings. Justice should not be taken away from an individual due to their sexual orientation, preference, or gender because we are all equal, regardless of circumstances.