Similarly to the male reproductive system, the female reproductive system is an intriguing and

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Similarly to the male reproductive system, the female reproductive system is an intriguing and complex system that contains internal and external structures. Its external structures consist of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and bartholens glands which all make up the vagina. These structures all work together to protect the vagina as well as lubricate it. The vagina is an elastic, muscular canal through which a baby can pass through during childbirth. The system’s internal structures are the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. The uterus is responsible for holding and nourishing a fetus while it develops during a nine month term. The ovaries are the structures that make it possible for a woman to reproduce; they…show more content…
As previously stated the process through which follicles enlarge and release a mature egg into the fallopian tube is most commonly known as ovulation. The ovulation cycle is divided into two parts with the follicular phase being the beginning part in which the egg matures. The ovulatory phase then begins during the middle of a female’s menstrual cycle in which cervical fluids increase and become more fertile. An increase in the LH hormone levels affect the ovarian follicle causing a hole, or “stigma” to appear on the surface of the follicle. At this point in the course of ovulation, the egg is pushed down the fallopian tube into the uterus where it will wait 12-24 hours to be fertilized by a sperm cell before it disintegrates. The series of changes in the female reproductive system that include producing an egg and preparing the uterus to nurture it for nine months is called the menstrual cycle. This process begins during the pubescent years of a female and ends when said female goes through menopause. The menstrual cycle is commonly divided into four phases: follicular phase, ovulation phase, luteal phase and menstruation phase if the egg is not fertilized. During the first phase of the cycle (follicular phase) estrogen, a female hormone, causes the endometrium to grow and develop in order to prepare for a possible fertilized egg. The spike in the estrogen levels cause FSH

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