The concern at hand is why teachers have sex with students; however, it goes much deeper than this. It is not just simply teacher on student through temptation or desire. There is a true criminal event happening with educator sexual misconduct, sexual abuse, and harassment. Teachers are taking advantage of students and even sometimes vice versa. Teacher student relationships may develop inappropriately through not only temptation or desire, but also specific mental concerns, sexual preferences, force, bonding, and many other reasons. Research shows different criminological theories that can be associated with this criminal event. Noted in this writing is the labeling theory and the rational choice theory. With the labeling theory, it is broken
Honestly, and for all intentional purposes in my previous organizations uncertainties were dealt with at the required level.
QP provided Maunica with a CBT activity geared towards choices and consequences. QP explained to Maunica that the activity will help enhance her awareness on how to make choices, and look at the consequences for making bad choices or decisions. QP asked Maunica to list some decisions she has to make that was difficult for her. QP brainstormed with Maunica some difficult decision teens have to make. QP asked Maunica to list relationship decisions. QP explained to Maunica the steps to ideal decision making. QP provided Maunica with a scenario in which she had to apply the ideal decision making model to the scenario. QP discussed with Maunica the characteristic of choices. QP discusses with Maunica choices and value. QP asked Maunica to describe
The purpose of this report is to provide feedback on administrative and public policy violation issues in the city of Crestview located in Okaloosa County, Florida. The report analyzes public policy violations, City Council member adjudication, transparency, and leadership issues in the City of Crestview. The report uses various research methods to gather data to help formulate the conclusion and recommendations of the report.
There are many theories about decision-making, and how these affect organizations. Herbert A. Simon expressed the idea that human decision making was based on “bounded rationality”, which was that decisions were made on the available information, available time, and one’s cognitive information-processing ability (Simon, 1997). He made a distinction between “maximizing” and “satisficing” when making decisions. While maximization, or “optimizing” was the preferred rational method of making decisions, people often lacked the environmental or cognitive resources and information to do so. Simon postulated that “satisficing” was an adaptive approach, when necessary, and when information was limited and time was short. Satisficing, he said, was part of the human condition. Maximization was studied by other researchers, who identified three characteristics of maximization (Schwartz et al., 2002):
There are two theories that can be used to describe Scott’s action is this scenario. Firstly, according to the behavioral perspective it analyzes how individuals learn new behaviors while modifying existing ones this is also dependent on whether events in there environments rewards or punish these behaviors. Scott’s environment is responsible for his behavior as we can see no evidence of discipline being used to punish him for such behaviors. B. F. Skinner explains operant conditioning as a type of learning where behavior is controlled by consequences. It is clearly seen by this theory Scott’s behavior was positively reinforced because no step was taken as a form of consequence to prevent him from this deviant behavior towards his schoolmates, siblings and community members. Secondly, Psychodynamics perspective explains the psychology of mental or emotional forces or processes developing especially in early childhood and their effects on behavior. Scott's behavior
The evolution of decision theory begins with the theory of rational decision making and this theory became the foundation of economics. Its main assumption is that people making decisions have all the required information to determined the best outcomes. This theory has generated predictions that are good enough for some situations regardless of consistently failing at predicting other situations. The theory was added by other theories.
Early sociologists, instrumental in the development of sociology’s three foundational theories, --George Herbert Meade, Charles Horton Cooley, Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx-- established the framework of symbolic interactionism, functionalism, and conflict theory. Each played key roles in establishing the levels and focuses of analysis that are used in applying the three theoretical perspectives to the study of human actions, decisions, behavior, and other external elements, which can be explained not only by analyzing the individual scenario, but also by analyzing the context in which that individual is placed. Although all three theories are interconnected and important in sociology, the theory that is most useful in studying society today is conflict theory.
Economists have often modelled human decision makers as completely rational. According to this model, rational people know their own preferences, gather and accurately process all relevant information, and then make rational choices that advance their own interests. However, Herbert Simon won a Nobel Prize in economics by pointing out that people are rational, but only boundedly so in that they seldom gather all available information, they often do not accurately process the information
Simon presented the bounded rationality as a result of human and organization constraints. He sees that the managers would not achieve the requirements of rational behavior. He observed that different types of decisions can be processed in different ways, namely: programmed decisions and non-programmed decisions. The programmed decisions category included decisions that occur frequently. Managers are used to these types of decisions and they already have developed some kind of protocols and procedures for making them. These decisions usually are left for the lower posts in the organizational hierarchy.
Simon’s theory is about the way people actually reason in decision making selecting the first solution that is “good
There’s more than meets the eye when it comes to classmate, Jacob Grimm. This senior may be working toward a Communication degree, but he’s got his head in the clouds.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) was created by Aaron Beck, a professor in psychiatry in the 1960’s (Beck, 2011). Initially, Beck sought out to prove the psychoanalytic idea that depression stemmed from anger towards oneself (Beck, 2011). However, during his research he found that misleading thoughts and beliefs were the reasoning behind depression. Beck theorized that one’s current feelings about something are derived from an initial encounter that gave meaning to that specific event. So, negative feelings about a particular occurrence can be a result of misinformation (Beck & Greenberg, 1984).
* Developments in computer science would lead to parallels being drawn between human thought and the computational functionality of computers, opening entirely new areas of psychological thought. Allen Newell and Herbert Simon spent years developing the concept of artificial intelligence (AI) and later worked with cognitive psychologists regarding the implications of AI. The effective result was more of a framework conceptualization of mental functions with
In the above section, the problem mentioned in the case study is explained. Recommended solutions to the problems faced by the committee members to select suitable faculty for the award wlll be forthcoming. Further, individual decision making theories like Simon's bounded rational theory and Kahneman & Tversky Judgmental Heuristic and biases model theory and their application to the case study will be explored.