PLAN: I have reviewed the chest x-rays available here and agree with the finding of bleb formation in the right and left upper lobes. Despite the fact that the patient has had a high INR, because of his history of tuberculosis and hemoptysis I believe obtaining sputum for TB is very, very important. We should rule out any other endobronchial lesions as the cause for his bleeding. I have discussed this matter with the patient and his wife. I have told them that there is the possibility of observing the condition by x-rays and repeated tests of his sputum. They understand that this is an option; however, they decided that because of concern regarding his repeated hemoptysis, they would consent to bronchoscopy. We will arrange for the patient to have a bronchoscopy done. He is off Coumadin.
EH is a 68-year-old male who comes into the clinic complaining of a fever with a temperature of 103 °F. He has had a cough for the last three days that is producing some thick green brown mucous. The MD feels he most likely has bacterial pneumonia. He also has a history of having rheumatoid arthritis, and being immune compromised as he is on an immunosuppressant methotrexate. He has noted that over the last year he has lost weight unintentionally and feels he is underweight.
Physical Examination: General: The patient is an alert, oriented male appearing his stated age. He appears to be in moderate distress. Vital signs: blood pressure 132/78 and pulse 68 and regular. Temperature is 38.56 oC (101.4 oF). HEENT:Normocephalic, atraumatic. Pupils were equal, round, and reactive to light. Ears are clear. Throat is normal. Neck: The neck is supple with no carotid bruits. Lungs: The lungs are clear to auscultation and percussion. Heart: Regular rate and rhythm. Abdomen:Bowel sounds are normal. There is rebound tenderness with maximal discomfort on palpation in the right lower quadrant. Extremities: No clubbing, cyanosis, or edema.
I was well versed with the patient’s medical history and current treatment, as I was the Long Call IM PGY – II Resident who supervised the medical intern when this patient was being downgraded from the ICU to the medical floor on 5/20/17 (and even suggested to the medical intern to add in her notes that the patient would benefit from statins, ACE inhibition and Spironolactone given CAD, CVA and HFrEF (LVEF < 35%.) The medical team subsequently started the patient on Atorvastatin 40 MG PO QHS, Lisinopril 10 MG PO QD and Spironolactone 12.5 MG PO QD.
D.Z.is a 65-year-old man admitted to medical ward with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; emphysema). Past medical history (PMH) indicates hypertension (HTN), well managed with enalapril (Vasotec) past six years, diagnosis (Dx) of pneumonia yearly for the past three years. D.Z. appears cachectic with difficulty breathing at rest. Patient reports productive cough with thick yellow-green sputum. He seems anxious and irritable during subjective data collection. He states, he has been a 2-pack-a-day smoker for 38 years. He complains of (c/o) insomnia and
According to the provider, the claimant's cough has been improved. His review of systems was positive for fatigue, malaise, sleep difficulty, shortness of breath, wheezes, and a cough. His blood pressure was 115/71 mmHg and his BMI was 30.35 kg/m2. The physical examination revealed wheezes. Clonazepam was prescribed for agitation. Atorvastatin, Nystatin, Citalopram, and a probiotic were prescribed. Continued use of Aspirin and a regular inhaler were suggested. Further, a follow-up visit with Endocrinology, Cardiology, and Pulmonology. As it relates to a spot in his lung, a repeat CT scan was recommended. The bronchial washes were negative for
History of Present Illness: Ms. Manock is a very pleasant 60-year-old woman with a history of severe COPD. She was previously seen by Elvira Aguila, MD. Her last office visit was in February 2015. Since that time, she states that over the last few weeks, she feels her dyspnea has worsened which is a result of increased humidity, which is normal for her. She has had a stable cough over the last six months, which is intermittently productive of sputum. She is using her supplemental oxygen at 2 L/minute with exertion and with sleep. She also notes postnasal drip, which is related to seasonal allergies.
Admitted through the Emergency Room at 4 PM to a semi-private room is Maggie P., a 78-year-old retired Registered Nurse with end-stage Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Her temperature is 98.7, B/P 130/92, heart rate 124 and respirations are labored and irregular at 37 per minute. She appears frail and weighs 89 pounds. She is pale with a bluish hue to her lips and nail beds. Oxygen at 3 liters per minute is applied via nasal cannula. She is alert and oriented to time, place, and person. She coughs intermittently, expectorating copious amount of thick gray, blood-tinged sputum. She complains of back and rib pain and 5mg of Morphine Sulfate in administered intramuscularly. On assessment the nurse lists, between
----- Clinic presents a black male 68 years old. Currently experiencing dyspnea and lethargy. For the past week he has been having a increase of difficulty breathing. Complains of alternating periods of sweating and chills. Other symptoms he has been experiencing is a productive cough with expectoration of thick yellow sputum. Patient is a ex- smoker, he was a 40 pack year history, denies smoking, stopped over 10 years ago. Medical history includes chronic bronchitis, hypertension, MI five years ago, has had a angioplasty, and denies chest pain since having angioplasty. Current medication combined albuterol/ipratropium MDI, nebulized albuterol prn, captopril, and hydrochlorothiazide.
A 68 year old male presented to the emergency department at 0800 hours via ambulance after experiencing chest discomfort and intermittent palpitations since 0500 hours. Prior to presentation, the patient stated he
A: Janie is a 60 year old Female with PMH of A-Fib, COPD, Hypothyroidism, HTN, Lung Cancer and recently diagnosed Pulmonary Embolism. Janie presents to ER for evaluation on SOB, cough with greenish sputum, sore thoart, hoarseness and generalized weakness. Janie lives at home with her husband, use to smoke ½ pack per week, but quit many years ago, denies alcohol or drugs. Family history is non-contributory. Allergies: NKDA. Differential diagnosis includes worsening Lung Ca, PE, COPD and CHF. Janie uses home O2 at 4 L/NC. V/S: T=98.7, HR=89, R=16, B/P=132/56, O2 sats=100% on 4L/NC, Pain=6/10. Labs: WBC=7.6, H&H=8.5/27, Na=141, Troponin=0.08/0.06, BNP=495, INR=4.2, UA=3+ protein, 1+ blood and 6-10 RBC. CXR: Impression:1). COPD with nonspecific coarsening of the basilar interstitium. 2). Mild cardiomegaly with borderline cardiac compensation. 3). Right
Patient is a 45 yo male; 5’7”, 221 lbs who entered the emergency room at 6:30 am on 9/7/14 with severe chest pain (onset at 6:00 am) radiating to his arm, L arm numbness and nausea and vomiting. Past medical history reported by wife includes peptic ulcer, tobacco use (1-2ppd for 27 years), elevated blood pressure (controlled by lopressor). Wife did not know of any family history but reports patient’s father is deceased, died at 42 in his sleep. Mother alive and with high blood pressure.
D.Z., a 65-year-old man, is admitted to a medical floor for exacerbation of his chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; emphysema). He has a past medical history of hypertension, which has been well controlled by Enalapril (Vasotec) for the past 6 years. He has had pneumonia yearly for the past 3 years, and has been a 2-pack-a-day smoker for 38 years. He appears as a cachectic man who is experiencing difficulty breathing at rest. He reports cough productive of thick yellow-green sputum. D.Z. seems irritable and anxious; he complains of sleeping poorly and states that lately feels tired most of the time. His vital signs (VS) are 162/84, 124, 36, 102 F, SaO2 88%. His admitting diagnosis is an acute
The patient's overall symptoms and lab work suggest that she is suffering from hospital acquired pneumonia. Currently the patient is presenting a moist chesty cough. Additionally, her heart rate is elevated, her oxygenation is low, and her RR is high. She has a raised white blood cell count, which indicates infection. Finally, the patient is acting confused and disoriented, which can be the direct result of a lack of oxygenation to the brain. All of these symptoms point to pneumonia (Torres, 1999).