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Singer 's Proposal Of Effective Altruism

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Singer’s proposal of effective altruism is a combined philosophical and social movement that seeks to apply empirical evidence and human reasoning to find the most effective solution to better the world. The idea of finding the most effective solution to create social change draws similarities to the paramount utilitarian idea of the greatest happiness principle; the principle states that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to promote the reverse of happiness”; an action is moral in the sense that it increases the total amount of utility in the world. Utility is pleasure itself, the absence of pain. Singer, in the beginning of his lecture, displays a disturbing video to introduce the various ethical obligations we have towards other people who we do not always think about, it does not matter whether we see the people we are helping, how far they are, or what nationality they are; we have an ethical obligation to help people in need in any way that we can. This idea draws similarities to the utilitarian belief that we must perform the action that promotes the most happiness for others, even if that action is contrary to our own desires or happiness. This method of thinking is the basis of the work of the most effective altruists that Singer mentioned, including Bill Gates, Melinda Gates, and Warren Buffett. Through their large monetary contributions, the Gates foundation has saved over 5.8 million lives, effectively and
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