Single Motherhood : Against The Odds

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Single Motherhood: Against the Odds I. Introduction Are single mothers really bad for not providing adequately for their children or is it the lack of sufficient public support and assistance provided for single mothers after the 1996 Welfare Reform that is the real problem that resulted into a judgment that recognizes single motherhood as not a good thing in the society? After the 1996 Welfare Reform, single mothers’ total income has increased and opportunities in employment also expanded. But, with the increased total income, low-income single mothers face the challenge of paying increasing childcare costs, decline in benefits from Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and experience barriers to higher-wage employment since most of them “worked in technical support, sales, administrative support jobs and service jobs” (Haksoon 14). Ahn Haksoon states that the reconstruction of welfare systems focused on the “economic growth and to encourage welfare recipients’ self-sufficiency” (14). The welfare policies made it difficult for many mothers to get state assistance to pay for childcare that forced them to rely on their relatives or family (Haksoon 16). Hence, because of this kinds of hardships faced by single mothers, Katie Roiphe writes that “Americans think single mothers are a “bad thing for a society” (58). As a single mother of two, she suggests that instead of focusing on criticizing single mothers, the government should act on how single mothers can
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