Sino-Cuban Fallouts and Make-Ups

1568 WordsJul 14, 20187 Pages
Chinese ties to the Cuban communist party, the People’s Socialist Party (PSP), date back to 1949, which is before Fidel Castro came to power. Sino-Cuban relations between 1959 and 1989 can be described as inconsistent at best, with a number of changes in attitude on the part of Castro towards Chinese leaders. It is considered one of the great ironies of history that although Castro publicly condemned Mao “with a viciousness rarely encountered in modern international relations,” the Cuban leader was more like his Chinese counterpart than any other communist leader. (Ratliff, 206) They had a number of similarities, including the use of personality cults, shared positions on domestic development and international affairs, and similar…show more content…
Essentially, the Soviet Union and the Chinese communists were in support of two completely different ideologies, and Castro chose to align himself with the Soviets, knowing he would alienate the Chinese in the process. From that point on, the Sino-Cuban dispute resulted in “hostility between the two governments,” which was a direct result of the conflict between the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China, and a dispute “over the strategy of guerilla warfare.” (Ratliff, 210) Diplomatic relations completely disintegrated in 1966 at the Afro-Asian-Latin American People’s Solidarity Conference in Havana. During this conference Castro accused Mao of “confusing Marxism-Leninism with fascism.” (Ratliff, 210) Castro also accused the Chinese government of “criminal economic aggression” for cutting back its rice shipments to Cuba. (Ratliff, 210) Castro even brought these attacks to a personal level, suggesting that “Mao was a senile old man,” who, in spite of having done some good things early in his career, had committed a number of atrocities toward the end of his life. (Ratliff, 210) The conflict, since titled the “rice war,” between China and Cuba consists of four phases. Firstly, Cuba is the only Latin American country with rice as a staple in its diet. Up until Castro came to power in 1959,
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