Sir Robert Peel Paper

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The job of a police officer is very difficult, it has evolved from just an ordinary individual with no experience and no uniform that kept watch of live stock by walking at night with fire torches to an individual that needs to be able to function under pressure patrolling the streets of our communities in uniforms with a marked vehicle and not to mention to receive income for their services. Police has evolved overtime; in this paper I will describe the impact of Sir Robert Peel on the evolution of policing and its history.

Sir Robert Peel Paper

Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850) updated England's criminal code. He established the first modern police force in London, whose members were nicknamed after him "bobbies." Sir
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The sheriff’s responsibilities extended beyond law enforcement and it included collecting taxes and monitoring the system of cattle branding. American metropolitan areas began to form reactive patrol units. In 1833, Philadelphia became the first city to employ both day and night watchman, following that and working from Sir Robert Peel’s model, Boston formed the first organized police department, consisting o six full-time officers. ← good points regarding beats police tasks.

As the history of police progressed in the United States you can divided police history into 3 different ears. Kelling and Moore (1991) describes the eras as, one; the Political Era, two; the Reform Era, and three; the Community Era. During the Political Era (1840-1930) many police officers saw their positions as opportunities to make extra income. “Bribery was common; a police officer would request “favors” which went into the police officers pockets or into the coffers of the local political party as contributions. The Political Era also saw police officers taking an active role in providing social services for their bosses’.” (1) Politicians realized they can attract more votes by offering social services to citizens than by arresting them. ← good points regarding community policing.

In 1929 President Herbert Hoover appointed the national Commission
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