Sir William Harcourt: The First Counter Terrorism

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20. Sir William Harcourt established the first counter terrorism unit ever. He did that in response to the escalating terror campaign in Britain which is done by Militant Irish Fenians. Special Irish branch was established in 1883 as one of the sections in criminal investigation department of London. It is formed to combat Irish republican terrorism through infiltration and subversion. 21. Harcourt formed a permanent unit specially to the prevention of political violence. By the help of using modern techniques such as undercover infiltration. This is the first branch to be trained in counter terrorism techniques. The name of the unit was changed to special branch with the gradual expanding. Expanding was helpful to incorporate a general
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