Situated Cognition Essay

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Situated Cognition Learning and Knowledge Relates to Situated Cognition "Learning and knowing are integrally and inherently situated in the everyday world of human activity" (Wilson, 1993, p.71). Learning is situated in the context in which it is taught. In other words, the context in which something is learned is very important. The activity in which the learner is engaged in at the time of learning is also important (Griffin and Griffin, 1996, p.293). If the goal of a learner is to solve day-to-day life experiences, they must engage in such opportunities. In order to understand and gain knowledge, learning theories stress the importance of creating a relationship between all pieces of information, the learner, and the…show more content…
Situated learning environments allow learners the "ability to retrieve relevant information when needed" (Choi and Hannafin, 1995, p.66). Situated Cognition gives meaning to learning and promotes transfer of knowledge to day-to-day real life situations. It enriches the learning process by providing practical experiences of real situations. Choi and Hannafin (1995) state there are the four key concepts related to the design of a situated learning environment: Context, Content, Facilitation, and Assessment. Context Context is the environment, the location, or the setting in which learning actually takes place. Based on personal experiences, learners are able to use a variety of methods to work through situations. It is the meaningful resources and purposeful activities that promote problem solving as well as the transfer of learning to real-life situations (Moore, Lin, Schwartz, …., 1994, p.30). Content Content is the specific concept that learners acquire. Concepts, activities and situations are essential to the learning process (Brown, Collins, and Duguid, 1989, p.32). When learning is embedded in content, it is easier for a learner to apply knowledge to a real day-to-day situation. Facilitation Facilitation allows learners to internalize information. In other words, it helps students "improve their cognitive abilities, self-monitoring, and self-correcting skills" (Choi and Hannafin, 1995, p.63). Some examples are modeling, coaching, guiding,
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