Situational And Contingency Theories Of Leadership Training

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Leadership is a subject that has gained substantial attention in pretty much every field. There have been a number of studies done on leadership, which has resulted in a number of different theories. Situational and Contingency are two theories that are most commonly used in leadership training. Both fall under the contingency theory umbrella and are also commonly used interchangeable and often consider as one theory. Situational and Contingency theory are identical but they are two very different methods. This paper explains the concept of Situational and Contingency leadership theories and compares and distinguishes the two theories. Leadership There are over 40,000 books/writings and over 10,000 research studies on leadership (Adair, 2011). Even though there are a numerous amount of studies on the subject, there is still no real definition of the word. In the past 60 years, as many as 65 different classification systems have been developed to define the dimensions of leadership, (Northouse, 2013 p.4). The classifications have broken down into 4 components: 1) Leadership is a process, 2) Leadership involves influence, 3) leadership occurs in groups, and 4) leadership involves common goals. Leadership is a process: means that it is not a trait or characteristic that resides in the leader, but rather a transactional event that occurs between the leader and the followers. The process implies that a leader affects and is affected by followers. It emphasizes that leadership
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