Situational Crime Prevention : The Prevention Theory And Implementation

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Situational crime prevention is the prevention theory and implementation that focuses mainly on specific types of crime, and relies heavily on preparation. People who focus on situational crime prevention follow more with the idea that people commit crimes as an opportunity and not because of biological or psychological discriminants. A simple way to look at situational crime prevention is to use the speed bump, while some may limit the value of its effectiveness, a speed bump removes the opportunity to speed and therefore performs its duty. Similarly situational crime prevention intends to do they same thing to other crimes, put a metaphorical speed bump in the way, and at least make it harder to commit those specific crimes. This type of prevention requires a belief that offenders make their own choices and that a less attractive option will prohibit an offense. For one to believe in situational crime prevention one must understand the ideas and assumptions behind rational choice theory. Rational choice theory states that “individuals make decisions on whether to commit an offense based on an array of inputs including, effort involved, the potential payoff, the degree of peer support for the action, the risk of apprehension, and punishment.” Situational crime prevention aims to hinder the offender 's ability to see positive inputs that would lead them to committing a crime. One idea behind rational choice theory is the concept of a “Crime Script.” A crime script could be
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