Six Principles of Scientific Thinking

805 WordsFeb 19, 20183 Pages
1. Six principles of scientific thinking Six scientific thinking principles refers to psychology basics which are utilized throughout all branches and levels to think scientifically concerning multiple tests, problems, solutions among others. These scientific thinking principles include; i) Correlation vs. causation: This refers to the error which emanates from having the assumption that since one thing is related with another, it must lead to the other. ii) Replicability : This principle depicts that the findings of a study can consistently be duplicated. iii) Occam’s razor: This principle argues that in a case where two explanations account effectively and equally for a certain phenomenon then generally the more parsimonious one should be selected. iv) Falsifiability: this principle states that in order for any claim to be of any meaning it must have the capability of being disprove. v) Extraordinary claims necessitate Extraordinary Evidence: This principle states that the more a certain claim contradicts what is already known the more strong evidence is required for this claim must be prior to accepting it. vi) Ruling out rival hypothesis: the principle states that when individuals wants to determine if a psychological claim is true they should ask themselves whether they have excluded other possible explanations for it. Importance of principles of scientific thinking These six principles are important in assessing whether an explanation is a bad or ideal explanation.
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