Six Sigma and Project Management Literature Review Essay

6476 Words Nov 17th, 2007 26 Pages

1. Introduction

In today's global business environment, the importance of first-to-market, customer service, cost-competitiveness, and quality are key factors in determining an organization's success, or undesirable failure. Manufacturers, engineering and transactional firms share a drive to lower costs, reduce cycle time and offer a diverse product mix as they pursue higher profits and an increased market share in a growing global environment.

As an effort to secure a competitive edge in its respective industries, organizations are seeking ways to increase efficiency and guarantee successful execution of critical business processes. A variety of systems – such
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The keywords used were ‘‘Six Sigma", ‘‘Design for Six Sigma" and ‘‘Project Management''. At the same time, additional information was gathered from scholarly books in order to support this study. The intention was primarily to support and improve the information of each of the sections and to use existing knowledge on Project Management and Six Sigma literature as far as possible despite the limited number of papers that I found on the literature search.

3. Six Sigma: concepts and definitions

Before we can go any further into the discussion of the findings of this literature research about the benefits and implications of the integration of Six Sigma and Project Management, I consider that it is very important to outline the basic concepts of each of those methodologies so that it will be possible to understand the fundamental principles of their interaction in the improvement strategy of an organization.

In this sense, Kwak Y.H. and Anbari F.T. [4] present an excellent definition of the Six Sigma Methodology as a "project driven" business strategy that allows an organization to focus on the improvement of its processes based on a deep understanding of its customer's requirements and the continuous reduction of defects in all the activities of the organization.

As it will be explained later, the processes improvement is achieved in a project by
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