Skara Brae- A Stone Age Village

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Skara Brae is a Neolithic (stone age) village located on the Orkney Islands, found north of Scotland (see image 1). Using radiocarbon dating, it has been discovered that Skara Brae was one of the earliest farming villages in Britain having been inhabited over 5000 years ago. It was due to isolation and minimal changes to the landscape that a village that was created between 3100 and 2500 BC is one of the best preserved villages in northern Europe today.
Due to Skara Brae being prehistoric, and therefore, writing had not yet been developed, any evidence found on the site is archaeological. This includes any physical remains or artifacts that help reveals anything about the settlement. An example of an obvious of evidence are the 8 huts
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The ash found also reveals that the hearth was used for cooking and even the burning of rubbish.
During the excavation stone, box-like structures were discovered and are believed to be the beds the house’s occupants slept on (seem image 2). It is thought that bracken would have been used as a sort of mattress and skins from animals would have been used for blankets. However, due to the lack of evidence, this theory remains unsupported. Although evidence was found that, “The inhabitants seem to have taken bones to bed with them to gnaw for supper and the broken remains of such repasts are found on the beds’ floors” (Childe, 1931). It was also suggested that the bed was a personal place that was used to hide valuable as artifacts such as beads and paint pots were found. Additionally, the inhabitants might have had a separate women’s and men’s sleeping area as decorative beads were found only in a selected area of beds.
Another furnishings found include a dresser in each house (see image 2). It was positioned directly across from the door (an unhinged block of stone) and, like everything else, was made from stone. Due to the two horizontal slabs of stone, it was deduced that it was a dresser used to store and display any personal possessions. Also found in each hut were
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