Skeletal Disorder: Osteoporosis

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Table of Contents
Introduction 2
Statement of the Problem 2
Purpose of the Study 2
Hypothesis 3
Significance of the Study 3
Limitations of the Study 4
Physical Activity 4
The Role of Vitamin D Deficiency 6
Preventing Osteoporosis and Social Cognitive Theory 9
Personal factors 9
Social Factor 11

Introduction
Osteoporosis is a medical term used for skeletal disorder. Patients with this disorder suffer with decreased and decreasing bone strength and vitality; hence the patient is in risk for frequent fractures during their rest of life, also they are risk for disability early death with increased financial burden. Osteoporosis is recent days is recognized as major health issue in postmenopausal women as well as aged group in both sexes (Riggs, Melton, 1995). 50% of women who have crossed their 50 years are suffering from osteoporosis, or a fracture leading them to osteoporosis. In a pilot study conducted on samples of 483 postmenopausal women belong to age groups of 52 and 62 years, El-Desouki (2013) found the ratio of osteoporosis among the 52 year old women was 34%, where as among 62 year old women was 24%. El-Desouki stated these women are widely spread by Osteopenia. Statistics show, in Saudi Arabia, operations related to Osteoporosis are going up, and costs high annually, in 2004 reported as USD 12.78 million/year. According to statistics of Saudi Osteoporosis Society, only in 1999 femoral fractures resulted by osteoporosis cost USD 1.14 billion, and in the
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