Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness Essay

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Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness Both skill and technique are learnt and developed, whereas ability is innate. Because skill and technique are learnt, they are dependent on practice to be able to progress. As ability is innate, you are born with specific abilities, which will help you to develop skills and techniques. For example, if you are of average height, have good coordination and have an abundance of fast-twitch fibres in your legs then you have the ability to become a sprinter. Although ability is said to be innate, research has shown that some abilities can be enhanced, especially in early childhood. However, innate abilities are needed to reach the highest levels in sport.…show more content…
Fixed practice involves repetition of an activity leading to automatic responses. The movement becomes second nature, ideal for non-adaptive skills always the same. This could be a basketball player practicing a set shot who will shoot several balls over and over again trying to get it through the hoop. This is a closed skill. Variable practice involves a variety of activities and situations. The learner applies the skill to a number of different environments. In practice one learns to apply it to a range of different circumstances i.e. starting with a football and moving it from side to side whilst stationary, then at walking pace, then running and finally adding defenders in which to beat. This is known as an open skill. It tests out what abilities we have. A skill can be self paced i.e. the performer has complete control over the rate at which the action takes place. This is because there is no external environment so the player is free to execute the move when they like A practice could be externally paced i.e. controlled by an outside instigator. Barbara Knapp recognised two basic classifications of skills. She suggested that skills can be placed on a continuum between open and closed. Sports such as Basketball, Football, and Hockey usually involve open skills. This is because the environment
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