Skinner, Behaviorism, And Operant Conditioning

1671 WordsJun 27, 20157 Pages
Skinner took major efforts toward the approach of behaviorism to expand the field, following the initial works of Edward Thorndike. He was instrumental in redesigning and defining the law of effect. Skinner segmented behaviorism into two main sections such as respondent conditioning and operant conditioning. He associated that the later the consequences tailored to the behaviors are manipulated, the more frequent similar scenarios are played out in the future. Introduction Skinner, who was a behavioral psychologist, propelled his work towards the field of behaviorism concerning operant conditioning. Though, his work was more instrumental in structuring and confirming major sectors in the psychology field. Skinner, who was…show more content…
In his contribution to psychology and researches, Skinner heavily dealt with the considerable essence of behavior. He held a belief that associated response loop had a critical essence in providing an explanation to the behaviors of the human being. He outlined that this model heavily responsible in the process of elementary decision making to the eventual lifestyle model and design (Kuhn, 2007). He had his critical regards for the outlining and recognition of superstition beliefs. Superstition, a term that dominantly has regards representing facts on belief that are not based or founded on the inherent human reason or even considerable scientific knowledge outlining that future occasion are intensely designed and projected by an individual behaviour, in appropriate magical ways or paths. With regard to his experiments, Skinner undertook punishments that can be explained as acts of imposing and inflicting sanction for certain typical undesirable behaviors, in a bid to achieve conditioning towards a certain behavior. He also had an inclusion of aversion that talks about a tendency to repel and avoid a situation that is typically considered as the state of being. Skinner had a belief in the understanding that any behavior could be explained by any action undertaken and valence of equitable performance. Skinner introduced much easier and simpler explanations for the reinforcement experiments that were performed specifically on the lab rats and
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