Skinner's Theory of Operant Conditioning

803 Words3 Pages
Skinner Classical laboratory and daily application Skinner is one of the very first renowned behaviorists that came up with classical conditioning on organisms and on top of this, other experiments were also built like the operant conditioning experiments. The process of classical conditioning works with the introduction of neutral stimuli before the original stimulus and the same reaction is elicited from the organism even without the presence of the original stimulus. For instance in the instance of the Pavlov dog, it salivated with every sight of food as the original stimulus for the salivation. When a neutral stimulus was introduced like a bell that was rang each time before it was fed, the dog started salivating at the ringing of the bell even before the food was availed. Another famous experiment was of the Skinner box where caged animal detected that by pushing a given button or lever, food could roll into the cage. The voluntary action preceded the stimulus. Instrumental or operant conditioning, which is also in line with the experiments that Skinner conducted, is defined as a learning process by which the consequence of an operant response affects the likelihood that the response will occur in the future. Basically, operant conditioning is a stimulus response prototype that when reinforced conditions individuals' or organisms' response to a desired behavior. Our behaviors are shaped to be desirable or undesirable through reinforcements, punishment and
Open Document