Slavery During The 19th Century

2090 Words Jun 30th, 2016 9 Pages

It all started in the 15th century, when the Portuguese began trading for slaves from West Africa. They used these slaves to work sugar plantations on the Madiera and Azores islands off the African coast. Because using slave labor to produce sugar was profitable, Europeans decided to adapt slavery in the newly established American colonies (Newman, John J. 6). When European settlers began staking claim on American land, they hit one major bump in the road. All of these rich wealthy elites that were able to afford the journey over did not know one thing about manual labor. They enslaved Native Americans, and used the indentured servant system, a method of bringing lower class immigrants to the colonies and requiring them to work as servants for a certain amount of time, but eventually mercantilism exploded in the colonies and the settlers had to turn to different ways. Slavery began to grow in the colonies in the early 18th century. According to the AMSCO Advanced Placement preparation textbook, “By 1750, half of Virginia’s population and two-thirds of South Carolina’s population were enslaved.”
There were three main reasons for the increase of demand for slavery in the southern colonies. First was reduced migration, since there was an increase in wages in England that reduced the supply of immigrants to the colonies. Then they needed a dependable workforce, and large plantation owners believed that slavery would give a stable labor force that they…

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