Slavery During The Civil War Essay

1761 WordsNov 29, 20168 Pages
The idea of slavery in early America began when African slaves were brought to the newly settled North American settlement called Jamestown in Virginia in 1619, to help in the cultivation of cash crops as tobacco. Slavery was practiced all throughout the colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, with the abundance of practically free labor provided from the enslaved African-Americans helped pave the road of economic foundations in the newly founded nation. With the invention of the cotton gin in 1793, making the harvest of cotton much more efficient, D rove the importance of slavery to the South’s economy to an all time high, flourishing the economy. During the mid-19th the mass use of slavery would later become the central topic of great controversy in the south, and will would later spark conflict with the north and this provoke a great debate over slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloodiest war America has ever seen, the Civil War (1861-65). After the Union, north, victory over he southern states, the nation’s 4 million slaves were freed, but not given rights as a citizen would until to the civil rights movement in the 1960s, a century after emancipation. In the early 17th century, European settlers in the new America needed a large supply of labor for many different jobs, so they turned to African slaves, as a cheaper, more abundant labor source than their indentured servants. In 1619, a Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to the British colony of Jamestown, in

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