Slavery in Ancient India

1213 WordsFeb 12, 20135 Pages
SLAVERY IN ANCIENT INDIA:- Slavery was a universal social evil and had its origin even from the early period of history. In India, its origin is closely associated with the caste system. It is believed that Sudras might have been reduced to slaves. A.L.Basham considers the Aryan conversion of the nativs into slaves as the origin of slavery in India. In ancient India slaves were well treated and their right well protected. Sarat Patil use in his book “Dasa, Sudra, Slavery” that the Sanskrit term- Dasa which refers to was slave, was derived from the root word das which means one who perform menial service. According to Arnold J. Taynbee, slavery was a non voluntary system of personal relation, resting totally upon force. Encyclopaedia…show more content…
The entire process of agriculture was done by the land slaves. They worked hard but their hard work never made them rich; they were exploited by the land owners. There was no limitation of work or work hours. There duty was- 1. Ploughing of land 2.transplanting work 3.sowing seeds 4.watering field 5.harvesting crops 6.thrashing 7.winnowing 8.manuring 9.fencing 10.watching crops. According to Arthasastra of Kautilya a stricking social development of the Mauryan period was the employment of slaves in agricultural operations. It seems that during the Mauryan period, slaves were engaged in agricultural work on a large scale. During period of Asoka about 1 lakh 50 thousand war captives brought by Asoka from Kalinga to Pataliputra may have been engaged in agriculture and its allied activities. DOMESTIC SLAVE OR HOUSEHOLD SLAVE:- Those who worked in the house of the master, they were known as domestic slave. Most of the slaves in ancient India were attached with the house of masters. They attached whole life to serve masters from morning to night. Generally children were sold by their parents during famine and they became domestic slaves. They were regarded as the property of their master. The domestic slaves usually formed an integral part and provided social honour for their masters. Master statuses were determined by the number of slaves. There duty was- 1. Draining water 2. Hewing wood 3.
Open Document