Sleep Depravation in College Students Essay

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Literature Review College students are some of the most active and stressed individuals in today’s society. Social pressures and scholastic achievement keep this population at a constant state of exhaustion. College students are apt to put sleep at the bottom of their to-do lists without giving further consideration largely due to full schedules. College students often do not understand the importance sleep has for their mental, physical, and overall health. Individuals in this age group require around nine hours of sleep in any given night, but most students report they only receive between seven and eight hours of sleep (Forquer, 2008). According to a survey by the American College Health Association that was distributed to 33 …show more content…
Individuals who were classified as having ‘good’ sleep have been found to have significantly better memory than those who had ‘bad’ sleep when evaluated based on their total sleep time, sleep awakenings after onset, and sleep efficiency (Fabbri, Tonetti, Martoni, & Natale, 2014). Sleep problems have become an epidemic throughout the United States affecting nearly two-thirds of American adults, including the college population (Becker, 2008). A recent poll by the National Sleep Foundation determined that over half of this population describes their sleep habits as poor (Becker, 2008). Poor sleep quality for the college population has been linked to higher levels of stress, depression, anxiety disorders, and poor academic achievement (Becker, 2008). Having a prolonged feeling of stress and exhaustion can have detrimental effects on a college student’s confidence and abilities. When a college student becomes more interested in where they can fit in time to sleep throughout their day as opposed to upcoming assignments, school performance can be negatively affected. Without an adequate night's sleep, college students are likely to have impaired cognitive functioning and as a result fall behind in school work (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
The benefits of adequate sleep are monumental. Studies have shown that sleep helps to lower stress levels in addition to lowering the risk of hypertension and