Sleep Deprivation Essay

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Abstract

Sleep is one of our basic needs to survive, however in the modern days sleep deprivation in increasing more and more each day, causing accidents and medical problems for the people and the community. This essay will look at the meaning of sleep and sleep deprivation and the basic perspectives on what motivates sleep and sleep deprivation with the five perspectives; evolutionary, psychodynamic, behaviourist, cognitive and the hierarchy of needs. This essay will also evaluate the best perspective to eliminate sleep deprivation with the cases studies discussing the general hypothesis of sleep and sleep deprivation.

Basic Perspectives on Motivation: Evaluating Five Accounts for Sleep and Sleep Deprivation
Sleep is one of our
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Nature (2005) stated that sleep deprivation, is a serious concern for public safety due to all the accidents that have been cause due to lack of sleep. This essay will evaluate the basics of motivation for sleep and sleep deprivation with the following five perspectives: evolutionary, psychodynamic, behaviourists, cognitive and hierarchy of needs. This paper will also discuss the strengths and shortcomings, and the advantages and limitations, with the merit and my perspective of each perspective. Through evaluating these perspectives, it will be argued that the behaviourist and cognitive perspective will be the best to beat sleep deprivation.
The evolutionary perspective started with Charles Darwin in 1859 by arguing that we, humans, evolved our behavioural tendencies because it helped us to survive and reproduce offspring (Burton, Western, & Kowalski, 2009). According to Burton et al. (2009) the psychological processes evolved via natural selection, which helps our ancestors to survive and reproduce. Sleep has a biological need and basis, which helped us to survive and reproduce offspring, this evolve millions of years ago by the conditions of the environment (Burton et al., 2009). In order to study sleep as a motivated behaviour with an evolutionary perspective, there is a need to look at the variables for the study. The biological variable is the amount of sleep and the theoretical variable is the neural circuits in the brain that motivate sleep (Burton et

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