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Sleep Disorders : Needs Assessment And Rationale

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Needs Assessment and Rationale While there are several sleep disorders that can cause an individual to experience the effects of insufficient sleep, insomnia is one of the more common culprits. It is characterized by consistent troubles falling and staying asleep, as well as untimely early rising and an overall sense of subpar sleep quality. These night time symptoms consequently translate to excessive daytime fatigue, a reduced ability to focus and functional impairment (Stanford Medicine, 2011). While many will experience trouble sleeping at certain points in life, these symptoms must persist over an extended period of time to be labelled as short-term or chronic insomnia. In order to diagnose short-term insomnia, the aforementioned symptoms must be observed for at least one month. If the symptoms continue over a period of six months, the condition is classified as chronic (Stanford Medicine, 2011). Several studies have been dedicated to this precise disorder, due to its widespread prevalence in the general population. In the United States, it is estimated that roughly one in ten adult individuals currently suffer from clinical insomnia (Vand et al, 2014). Current literature indicates that a similar proportion of university students are affected, approximately one in eight students (Joshi et al, 2015). Evidence also suggests that females and single individuals are more at risk for insomnia (Vand et al, 2014). A lack of sufficient sleep affects mood regulation and is
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