Smart Grid Technologies : Introduction

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SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES: INTRODUCTION: All the service connections, transformers, transmission infrastructure, substations, generation plants, and everything required in managing the generation and distribution of electrical power is known as the electrical “Grid.” The term “smart grid” has been used to describe a broad range of technologies, design concepts and operating practices that collectively paint an exciting picture of what our electric power infrastructure might look like in ten or twenty years. It is a new approach that significantly increases the efficiency of the entire electrical delivery system. Not only does increase reliability, but will also reduce energy in the delivery process and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A…show more content…
So, how do we go about improving the efficiency of our power grid, short of wholesale replacements of aging equipment and massive investments in the latest technologies? In short, what can be done now to make the grid operate better? WHAT DOES “EFFICIENCY” MEAN FOR A POWER GRID? Efficiency at the utility level is often overlooked outside of industry circles; in particular the substantial gains that could be made in the efficiency of power transmission and distribution systems. Grid efficiency comes down largely to “line losses,” the amount of power leaving a generation plant that is lost on the way to our homes and businesses. Losses in the transmission and distribution system of 6 to 8 percent are typical even in the world’s most advanced countries, and they can run even higher. Like the telecom and Internet revolutions that preceded it, technology holds the key to the Smart Grid and its realization. The Smart Grid and the technologies embodied within it are an essential set of investments that will help bring our electric grid into the 21st century using megabytes of data to move megawatts of electricity more efficiently, reliably and affordably. In
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