Smoking Is The Single Highest Cause Preventable Death

2515 Words Mar 8th, 2015 11 Pages
Smoking is the single highest cause of preventable death in America and puts users at significantly greater risk for disease compared to the rest of the population. Tobacco use costs the U.S. more than 289 billion dollars annually in medical expenses and lost productivity (Surgeon General, 2014). The problems associated with smoking are due in part to its addictiveness. Nicotine is the addictive substance found in tobacco and its chemical dependence is as strong as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol (CDC, 2014). Getting all smokers to quit entirely is not realistic due to nicotine’s addictive characteristics.
The evidence suggests that many smokers want to quit but can’t. In 2010 68.8% of smokers reported they would like to quit smoking entirely and 42.7 percent of smokers stopped smoking for more than one day in an effort to quit (CDC, 2011). This lack of success in quitting might be because the physical traits of smoking are unaddressed with current Nicotine Replacement Therapies (NRT). Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) can potentially be beneficial because they have the same physical feel as smoking due to the hand-to-mouth motions and exhalation of vapor resembling smoke (Farsalinos, Romagna, Tsiapras, Kyrzopoulos & Voudris, 2013). Additionally, they can serve as a harm reduction method for smokers who cannot or do not want to quit smoking (Polosa et al., 2011). ENDS reduce harm but that does not mean they can be considered healthy.
Communicating the risks of ENDS is…
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