This essay is aimed to explore, analyse and discuss smoking in adults. Smoking is a public health issue as such is one of the major contributors to high mortality and ill-health in the adults which is preventable (Health and Excellence Care (NICE) (2012). The United Kingdom (UK) is known to have the highest number of people with a history of smoking among people with low socio-economic status (Scriven and Garman, 2006; Goddard and Green, 2005). Smoking is considered a serious epidemic in the UK and the National institute for Health and Excellence Care (NICE, 2012) stated that 28% of adults with low economic status are tobacco smokers compared with 13% of those with economic status or having professional
The National Prevention Strategy aim is to increase the number of Americans to live healthy in every stage of their life (CDC, 2014). It provides leadership at the federal level that emphasize on prevention, wellness, and health promotion and its landmark represented in a vision, goals, strategic direction, priorities, recommendation, and act. The National preventive strategy supports the Affordable Care Act, as both of them emphasize on the importance of prevention for all Americans.
Primary - focuses on health promotion and protection against specific health problems or health risks. Primary prevention precedes disease or dysfunction and is applied to generally healthy individuals or groups. Examples include: Immunizations; risk assessments for specific disease i.e. diabetes; health education about injury and poisoning prevention.
As health care evolves we can see how important primary prevention is in the efforts to prevent disease from occurring. It incorporate education such as hand washing to prevent the spread of germs , diet and exercise guidelines to maintain proper fitness as well as good state of mind and disease prevention such as hypertension and diabetes and immunization to prevent disease.
Prevention touches not only the patient but also the healthcare system by and through less utilization. Maintaining and improving health is important to an individual for longevity of life and reduces healthcare costs for the both the individual and their system.
I agree that smoking is detrimental the human body in many aspects, and I cannot support that smoking is not harmful in any aspect. Health care professionals have the responsibility of informing patients that certain behaviors will interfere or worsen their medical condition. I do not agree that patients should be released from care, because of the choices that they live by. Everyone is entitled to health care, if they seek it. I came across an article, How Can We Balance Ethics and Law When Treating Smokers, that reiterated the fact that it is unethical to release patients or withhold treatment, because of the choice to smoke. In her article Senderovich (2016) wrote, “what many do not realize is that physicians are legally not allowed
The secondary prevention is aims to reduce the effect of illness or injury that has already occurred. The best way is when symptoms appear should early detection because itis reduces risk and increased treatment chance, such as mammograms to detect breast cancer. In addition, people who are most susceptible to disease should vaccinated to increase immunization, for example health care workers who work with patients at risk of TB
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States. According to the 2014 Surgeon General’s Report, cigarette smoking and secondhand smoking exposure contribute to more than 480,000 premature deaths annually in the United States. Smoking use is associated with different types of cancer, cardiovascular disease, strokes, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and reproductive disorders. Moreover, cigarette smoking can cause inflammation and impair the immune system (United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), 2017). Smoking during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, placental abruption, certain congenital
The individual I interviewed between 59-35 years told me that the achievement of marking tobacco as a health hazard has played an important role in her life. When she was younger smoking was a more common activity and helped her with stress she accumulated throughout the day. Everything changed when her child started school. As the child became more aware of drug use and smoking through the education program called D.A.R.E, he would try to convince his mom to stop smoking. This allowed her to realize
Finally, the last prevention way is reducing the risk factor from getting the chronic disease. (Dr. Duke Johnson’s, 2009) For example smoking and alcohol can increase the risk factor to get the diseases. As we know, each cigarette contains about 200 chemical compounds that can damages our heart and blood vessels plus the smoke is not only attack the smoker but also people around him. So, we should strictly avoid smoking because it
The prohibition on smoking is a practical solution to the healthcare problems and issues stemming from the use of tobacco around the world. A considerable amount of health issues and conditions will not develop or aggravate in the absence of smoking. People do not realize or acknowledge the hazards and adverse effects of smoking on their
The secondary health promotion prevention involves the early detection and early intervention against disease before it is fully developed screening program are prime examples of secondary prevention efforts.
Tobacco smoking is one of the largest causes of preventable illness and death in Australia. Research estimates that two in three lifetime smokers will die from a disease caused by their smoking. The most recent estimate of deaths caused by tobacco in Australia is for the financial year 2009–10. Tobacco use caused a total of 14,901 deaths in that year (QuitSmokingSupport.com,2016). There are many ways through which one could quit Tobacco smoking like using Medicines or E-cigarettes. But in recent studies it was found out that teenagers who use e-cigarettes are three times more likely to smoke normal cigarettes than those who don’t amplifies. The problem for most smokers, particularly those who have previously tried to stop, is that they know that abruptly stopping is going to be a painful and difficult experience, demanding significant willpower and toughness (QuitSmokingSupport.com,2016). The best solution for stopping the Tobacco smoking is to use the disposable cigarette tar filters to stop Tobacco smoking. Disposable cigarette tar filters stop tar going to body while one is smoking cigarette. Tar filter is made up of organic chemicals including some carcinogens.
The cigarette is the deadliest artefact in the history of the human race. They kill about 6 million people every year and in the 1900’s about 100 million people were killed by cigarettes. Even if consumption rates dropped slowly to zero by 2100, there will still be about 300 million deaths in this century. Not only should cigarettes be outlawed, but all tobacco in general. Tobacco should be outlawed because it affects people’s appearance, does self harm, is a complete waste of money and hurts people around the user.