Smoking Rates Among California Adults Essay

885 WordsJun 23, 20154 Pages
Since the passage of the California Tobacco Health Protection Act, the smoking rates among California adults have decreased by 42%. From 1990 to 1993, the smoking rates among the youth population for those ages 12 to 17 dropped down to 9.1%. From 1989 to 1993, Proposition 99 helped in the reduction of cigarette consumption by 802 million packs of cigarettes. The smoking prevalence in adults has also decreased from 26.7% in 1988 to 15.5% during the first half of 1995 (Cokkinides et al., 2009). Hence, cigarette consumption and smoking prevalence rapidly declined after the implementation of Proposition 99. The implementation of Proposition 99 also helped decrease rates in other areas. For example, in 1993, the percentage of adults who were exposed to environmental tobacco smoke in indoor workplaces dropped from 29% to 22.4%. In 1994, the California Health Department of Health Services reported that children’s exposure to environmental tobacco smoke decreased to 6.2% (Novotny& Siegal, 1996). Moreover, the smoking-attributable cancer mortality rate (SACMR) in California dropped down by 25.7% while the U.S. dropped down by 8.9% from 1979 to 2005. Therefore, the SACMR in California was 2.5% lower than the U.S. in 1979 but in 2005, it was 20.4% lower than the U.S. (Cowling & Yang 2009). The decrease in lung cancer rates in other states is attributed from the enactment of Proposition 99. The lung cancer rates are decreasing three times faster in California than in other states.
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