The threat of entry of the supermarket industry in US is low, which base on the analysis of the three major sources that related to the entry barriers. The first barrier is the economies of scale of the existing large supermarkets. When these incumbents achieved larger volume sales, they can have lower unit costs than new entrants, and it will very difficult for those new entrants to compete with them (Johnson, Whittington, &Scholes 2011). For example, Wal-Mart had invested in innovative procurement, automated distribution centre and bar coding to increase its economies of scale, and these investments created a great barriers for new small retailers to enter into the supermarket industry (Porter 2008). The second barrier is the incumbency advantages, which mean the incumbents established their own strengths that cannot be used by competitors (Porter 2008). For example, the top ten supermarkets in US have accumulated extensive experiences on how to run their businesses more efficiently than new entrants (Johnson, Whittington, &Scholes 2011). The subtle differentiation between the products that sold in supermarkets is the third barrier for new entrants. Because most of the product assortment is same or similar between each supermarket,
The Australian Supermarket Industry is the very hot topic that’s why very interesting topic now days. The Australian supermarket and grocery stores have a very severe competition in Australia mainly because of organizations competing in this mature industry are going towards cost reduction initiatives with competing advantage rather than product differentiation strategies, In other words business in this industry increase market share by charging lower prices while making reasonably fair profit. The growing popularity of ALDI – German based company of introducing its own label goods (products manufactured and sold under the retailers own brand) with low cost has forced the two giants –Woolworths and Coles to cut price
Suppliers in the industry seek buyers who can move a lot of merchandise in a short period of time. The threat of substitution is a big deal in this industry. Most retail stores carry the same types of products with little differentiation. This makes it difficult for companies in this industry to keep customers coming back. This places an emphasis on the need to build a good reputation with customers.
Food is closely related to people's lives and it is considered the most important element in Chinese culture. Chinese food is famous all over the world too. American Chinese cuisine differs significantly from the traditional Chinese cuisine and even though the variation in taste can be so it is still attractive to many people. When it comes to food, Chinese people always care about the color, taste, smell and shape of Chinese dishes. In 1784, a group of passengers on the ship Empress of China became the first Americans to land in China and they were also the first group of people to eat Chinese food; it was the
(Assume that the amount of debt issued to reach the target debt-to-capital ratio is going to be maintained forever. Use the tax rates assumed in the attached Excel file).
Trader Joe 's sells gourmet foods to its customers with a low cost business model, which may seem very difficult to maintain, due to the rising costs in the international markets and the United States. However, with Trader Joe 's long term experience in operations and limited variety of products, this enables the company to reduce costs and transfer those savings to their customers. Furthermore, Trader Joe’s has a very efficient management process that allows keeping the product costs down to keep their customers satisfied. The management process is very significant for Trader Joe 's in which they have planned marvelously to carry certain products which is obtained at a discounted price from their suppliers. Additionally, Trader Joe’s keep costs down to a minimum by choosing non-prime store locations. For
Superior Supermarkets (SS) is a division of Hall Consolidated, a privately owned wholesale and retail food distributor. SS is the smallest of three chains which caters to the South Central United States and is ranked either No. 1 or No. 2 in each of its markets. SS has been considering an ‘Everyday Low Prices’ strategy for many years. It is felt by due lower than expected sales based on budget targets, that revisiting the issue of a new pricing strategy is warranted. A management meeting is scheduled to discuss this matter and a decision is expected on this topic.
The competitive environment that Hi-Value is in right now also effects their decision of EDLP. The demand in this supermarket industry is elastic, with multiple opportunities for competitors to steal market share. Exhibit 5 shows how $100 is spent in Centralia supermarkets: 49.67% perishables, 30.95% food grocery, and 19.38% on miscellaneous (health care, general merchandise, etc.). Also, who shops where effects the effectiveness of pricing; the median age of the Centralia population was 35 years; the median household income was $36,000; and 80% of residents had a high school education or more. Will these customers want another “cheap” supermarket? Exhibit 7 says yes (with the exception of meat quality and price). Hi-Value is considered reasonable with price, and quality produce/meat, overall variety of foods (Exhibit 6). Therefore, products must be consistently available and reasonable customer service is expected.
Mydin offers varieties of similar range products as their competitors where they are still able to undercut prices by reasonable percentages. Mydin’s pricing strategy is low price strategy where this strategy emphasizes on low price products as well as maintaining the quality of their products. It also focuses on reducing the cost from their operation to produce lower price products yet good quality. Besides that, Mydin used low price strategy to attract lower and medium income group in across Malaysia. Therefore, lower and medium income families are willing to purchase at lower price and high quality products at Mydin. Nevertheless, Mydin able to sustain its customers for long period of time and it will increase customer loyalty through their low price strategy. In addition, this low price strategy may attract small wholesalers and petty traders in getting cheaper supplies from Mydin. “It has also contributed to the business expansion and is reflected by an increase in number of wholesalers and petty traders who have registered as their frequent buyers (Armum, N.D)”. Furthermore, Mydin also emphasize in bulk buying and bulk selling to enjoy lower prices. Thus, Mydin selling in bulk enable to cut cost as well as sustains lower price for its wholesaler, bulk purchasers and end user. Therefore, Mydin was encouraging people to buy in bulk in order to save more. In addition, Mydin purchase raw materials in bulk in order to save more cost. “Mydin sources merchandise both locally and from other countries including Bangladesh, China, France, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia and some more” (Armum,
Food Inc. opens in an American supermarket and draws attention to the unnatural nature of year-round tomatoes and boneless meat. It pulls aside the curtain that is concealing the truth about food from the consumer. After the brief intro, the movie shifts its focus to the topic of fast food and its impact on the meat industries. Fast food virtually started with McDonald’s. When they decided to simplify their menu and hire employees that repeated one task over and over for minimum wage, the result was the fast food phenomenon that swept the United States, and then the world. Today, McDonald’s is the largest purchaser of beef and potatoes in the United States, and is one of the largest purchasers of pork, chicken, tomatoes, and apples. Though
There is a threat of bargaining power of buyers as there is a lot of competitors, which give the choice to convert from one chain to another. Moreover, chains are working strongly in the promotion, price, opening branches everywhere, developing the product, and cares regarding quality. It
Today, more than 95% of products sold at 759 Store are imported directly bypassing distributors in Hong Kong.8 Therefore, 759 Store enjoys greater autonomy on deciding the variety of products they sell. 759 Store successfully develops a new market segment providing
Haier (“the Company”) was China’s biggest white-goods producer and supplier in 1990s. In 1984, there was nearly 300 local producers in China market, most of which were producing poor quality goods. However, customers were willing to pay more for higher-quality products and reliable service. This need created an advantage for differentiation.
For this capability, strong financial support and effective saving processes as fundamental resources enable Woolworths Ltd to provide products at relatively lower prices. The effective saving processes include the global sourcing process and direct store deliveries also play an important role to achieve competitive prices by reducing inventory costs and operating costs. Besides, the long term and good relationships with suppliers makes Woolworths get this capability to get lower cost products. Then combining the online network and existing delivery system makes customers purchase more conveniently. Last, Woolworths Ltd is also engaging in product expansion in different industries.
Market volume for the confectionery industry is flat due to the changing trend in consumption driven by the changing age in distribution of the population. Growth is only driven by price increase at 10%. Distribution / availability and visibility are seen as important elements in influencing the sale due to the nature of its products, impulse items. In addition to this, the bargaining power of the retail trade has been shifting away from the suppliers (i.e. manufacturers like Adams) and is in favor of the