Soc 200 Essay

664 Words3 Pages
The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid
Patricia Dean
Strayer University

SOC 200 Professor Gwendolyn.Royal-Smith
May 5, 2014

This paper assess the positive and negative effects that peace and war, respectively, have on the distribution of foreign aid in the developing country Sierra Leone. Next I will analyze the specific actions that the leadership of the selected Sierra Leone has taken, through the use of its foreign aid from donor nations and international lending institutions, to relieve the severe problems caused by warfare. Lastly I will discuss whether or not the extension of foreign aid has successfully reduced poverty and the incidence of warfare in Sierra Leone.

The country that I decided to write
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Before the civil began the city wasn’t in the best shape because of two corrupt presidents Siaka Stevens from1968 to 1985 and Joseph Saidu Momoh from1985 to 1992 (Grant, 2005). The leadership of Sierra Leone has taken a more positive approach since President Koroma was elected. He was invited to meet President Obama in the Oval Office on March 28, 2013. In October 2013, Sierra Leone ratified a Freedom of Information Act and applied to the Open Government Partnership (U.S., 2014). So basically there moving to a democracy like the United States. As far as foreign aid goes under President Koroma, Sierra Leone relies on significant amounts of foreign assistance, principally from multilateral donors; the United States is among the largest bilateral donors. The United States was the largest single donor to the Special Court for Sierra Leone, which pursued cases against those most responsible for violations of humanitarian law during the country's civil war (U.S., 2014). The U.S. assists Sierra Leone with assistance programs like create livelihood opportunities, improve food security and nutrition, augment civic participation, and build capacity for both rural and urban health service delivery (U.S., 2014). Donors have a history of drastically reducing assistance once stability returns to a country. By 1991 hundreds of millions of dollars in foreign aid were entering the country each year. From 1971 to 2002 Sierra

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