Social And Political Landscape : September 11

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On September 11, 2001 a terrorist attack took place on United States soil that filled the nation with mass hysteria. Three planes were hijacked and flown into various locations killing roughly 3,000 Americans, which lead to social and political landscape changes (Morgan 1). The discussed change in landscape is increased “prejudice, discrimination, and desire for vengeance” by Americans towards anyone who would fall under the stereotypical image of a terrorist. The government and citizens all asked questions alike, “Why, how, and who did this?” The government had failed in doing its job as protector of its citizens. To act on this failure of protection, President George W. Bush “initiated warrantless domestic surveillance by the NSA” in hopes that they could prevent another attack like this from ever occurring again (Schell par. 11). The government began to search “layers of phone numbers” and deal with the U.S. Postal Service in order to find those responsible for the terrorist attack that took place (Perrow 2). This faced controversy for there was question on wether or not these methods were a violation of the Fourth amendment. The Fourth amendment, part of the Bill of Rights, protects citizens from unwarranted search and detainment. However, the topic in question was whether or not the search of “metadata” or phone records, was violating the Fourth amendment (Schell par.6). A Supreme Court Case from 1979 unmeaningly made the search of metadata legal, but lawsuits have

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