Social Attitudes Of Freedom And Control By George Orwell And Fritz Lang

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Despite their unique perspectives and social attitudes of freedom and control, both George Orwell and Fritz Lang explore issues of class struggle and the impact of technology on humanity through their medium of choice, expressing these serious concerns by forming a dystopic outlook of the future world. Lang’s science-fiction film Metropolis encapsulates the tensions of his wartime experience, and the political situation of the 1920s Weimer period in Germany, in which Lang tapped into the country’s power struggles, issues of poverty and conflict, as well as the clear fascination with technological developments, through a heavily stylised futuristic environment. Nineteen-Eighty Four by George Orwell, on the other hand, is a satirical…show more content…
The workers are depicted in uniform black, trudging in synchronised robotic movements in an overcrowded environment, which reinforces their lack of identity and alluding to machinery, their dehumanisation and conformity to the atrocities of the industrialist environment. This is contrasted with the light shades and wide open spaces “above the depths,” reflecting the lifestyle of freedom enjoyed by the members of the upper city in the eternal garden, including the protagonist Freder. The repeated reference to the Mediator, “between the head and the hands” postulates the increasing class struggle in Lang’s time. The iris effect on Maria emphasizes her angelic nature, and adoption of Christian values. As a devout catholic, Lang intended Maria to adopt notions of equality which are obsolete in the society of Metropolis, the head of the city, Joh Frederson, possessing a capitalist outlook. He is the embodiment of power over the workers as suggested by his body posture and stern facial expressions. Moreover, Maria acts as a catalyst to the Mediator, who is Freder, as suggested by the chiaroscuro lighting on his face in the catacombs. Freder’s actions in the Moloch scene in which he reaches out his hands to help the workers represents his Christian nature and foreshadows his ability to undo the inequality of class in which Metropolis has been founded. Similarly, British author George Orwell’s Nineteen-Eighty Four (1984) written in 1949 explores a totalitarian society
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