Social Capital : An Organization And The Power Of Action Of Individuals With Common Goals

1472 Words Dec 14th, 2015 6 Pages
Social Capital
Social capital is a set of relationship rules between the parties that make up a society. These rules define the participation, the organization and the power of action of individuals with common goals. Although the concept of "Social Capital" is not new, it became known only from the work of Robert Putnam, published in 1993: Making Democracy Work: Civic Tradition in Modern Italy. Initially the concept had been defined as "a set of social relations marked by goodwill and friendliness, very close attributes of goodwill used to define public relations in its origin".
Bourdieu defined the concept of social capital as the current feature set and potentials that are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of inter knowledge and inter recognition. For Putnam (1996) the concept of social capital refers to the features of social organization such as trust, norms and systems, which contribute to increasing the efficiency of society by making coordinated actions possible (Putnam, 1996, p.177). For this author the capital is a historical heritage. For example, it is produced and extended as the experiences of groups. It is capital that the most used civic communities possess, that is, the more one uses the social capital, the more you get.

The concept social capital is seen as a tool for the construction and consolidation of democracy. This section deals with the concepts of social capital within an overall perspective…
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