Social capital is a set of relationship rules between the parties that make up a society. These rules define the participation, the organization and the power of action of individuals with common goals. Although the concept of "Social Capital" is not new, it became known only from the work of Robert Putnam, published in 1993: Making Democracy Work: Civic Tradition in Modern Italy. Initially the concept had been defined as "a set of social relations marked by goodwill and friendliness, very close attributes of goodwill used to define public relations in its origin".
Bourdieu defined the concept of social capital as the current feature set and potentials that are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less…show more content… The aim is also to make a brief historical account of the conceptual evolution of the capital. Within the first section, we intend to also explain the different dimensions of social capital, such as bonding networks, bridging and linking, and make a comparison of the share capital with other community capital. This section will also shed light on the social capital according to the cultural perspective given by Robert Putnam, based in the works making democracy work.
Efforts in Brazil to strengthen its democracy, since the beginning of the democratization process, have formed to the defense of greater participation of citizens in political decision-making and oversight of public officials. Such efforts have been aimed at reversing the growing process of social downfall as a result, among other factors, the decline of the state as a result of the adoption of a neoliberal perspective that disrupted society without generating a creative counterpart that would allow a common space under new rules to be expressed. According to Lechner (1990), what is clear in Latin America - and that is considered applicable also to Brazil - is the failure of the attempt to institute social coordination based on the rationality of the market, although this does not hold itself or sustains a order and a community orientation to encourage social integration.
This situation led to the development of studies and multidisciplinary