Social Cognition And Social Psychology

1412 WordsDec 6, 20166 Pages
We know human beings are social creatures, they are able to create families, religions, cultures and so on. These socializations help humans stay alive by creating support systems, fending off threats, and tending to each other’s wounds. Because of this, ancestral humans were able to survive. They evolved with neural and hormonal mechanisms supporting their helpful social behavior. Learning and assessing this social behavior is a huge chunk of what inspires the study of social psychology. When we try and look at a more biological sense of this, we find ourselves with social neuroscience. Social neuroscience is a fairly new interdisciplinary field, it is devoted to understanding and explaining how thoughts, emotions, and behaviors of people are influenced by the presence of others. This growing field uses cognitive neuroscientific methods to address the questions normally asked by social psychologists. Once known as social cognition, social neuroscience was popularized and introduced in an article by John Cacioppo and Gary Berntson in 1992. In the article, Cacioppo and Berntson mention the significance of the brain interacting with an individual’s environment, by stating that the brain can’t exist in isolation. For this reason, the brain and body’s complex systems can’t be understood from their elementary components alone. Following this idea, Cacioppo and Berntson introduce the multilevel approach to studying mental behavior and the brain. This approach focuses on phenomenon

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