Social Construction of Technology: Cell Phone Development

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The Social Construction of Technology (or SCOT) is a new research tradition rooted in the sociology of technology. SCOT provides a multi-directional model based on the property of interpretative flexibility, and emphasizes on social influences on the technology design and development. This paper will apply SCOT principles to explore the development of cell phone, define the development of cell phone into three different stages historically, and analyze the interpretative flexibility of the cell phone accordingly in the three different stages. Based on SCOT theory, this paper will discuss how the original huge cell phones are shaped and developed by social influences to the smartphones in today’s life. In 1983, Motorola released its first…show more content…
They defined the newly raised industry. What they made, how they design, and to whom they sell their products made a fundamental influence on this young industry. The third social group was those who didn’t own a cell phone but were interested in having one. Despite the huge shape and the heavyweight, cell phones became the new crazy of that time when it was released to public. However the problem was, this group of people could not afford it, and even if they could afford the cell phones, it wouldn’t be necessary to buy if they hardly got the chance to use. According to SCOT, the cell phone can be interpreted in many ways according to different social groups. To solve the problems that each social groups had, the makers have made the cell phones cheaper, lighter, and smaller than before. According to the first profile of cell phone users generated in 1987, the majority group of users, who were at the age between 35 and 50, had income in excess of 35000 dollars in average, but the average mobile phone at the time only cost 1000 dollars, with portables reaching 2000 dollars. Also in 1987, Nokia launched its first handheld phone, the Mobira Cityman 900, which just weighs 800g. This phone was the first compact phone, and it was significantly lighter and more portable than its predecessors. In the first stage of the cell phone development, the
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