Social Constructionism Theory Of Crime And Media

1253 Words6 Pages
Early research in on crime and news media began in the 1900s focused from a sociological viewpoint on the newspapers’ role in influencing cities’ social structures, as well as determining the quality of information that was being produced. Park and Burgess (1921) {theory of human ecology} which, which was used to explain [X]. This sociological approach was adapted from Shaw and Mckay ({1929})to build on into their theory of social disorganization which was later incorporated into preliminary sociologist analysis of crime news reporting (Cadwell, 1932; ::?::). All of which was later refined and redefined by Davis’ 1952 study which incorporated {public opinion} polls to gauge the effect crime news had on newspaper readership. Which led to…show more content…
The first amendment grants the press open access to trials and court records due to it’s ideological premise of a functioning “democratic society”(Gerald, 1991, p. 4) and that a public and open court system has been a historic convention in the United States. Part of keeping keeping the system of government in check and is allowing public observation and constructive criticism (Burrows, 1982; ::?::).The additive that the press serves to keep the public informed about the workings of the democracy, has clashed with the court system and the sixth amendment, which ensures that defendants have fair and unbiased trials, regardless of the criminal accusations or public opinion (Gerald, 1991). There has in addition been some concern and protections put in place to protect the privacy and right of victims (Burrows, 1982; Gerald, 1991), especially in the cases of rape or juvenile victims. Thus, the first amendment guarantees the press access to information on governmental processes including criminal trials, arrest records and other public records regarding the criminal justice system (Burrows 1982; Gerald 1983; ::?:: ), excluding those cases temporarily or permanently redacted, where legally allowed to protect the interests of victims and the accused. An expansion of first amendment rights in 1980’s gave the press increased and slightly unclear access to trials
Get Access