Social Contract Is The Linchpin Of Democratic Governance

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‘John Locke’s Theory of Social Contract is the Linchpin of democratic governance’ Discuss. Since the beginning of human civilisation, social contracts have helped structure how people and governments worked together. It is the view that persons’ moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among them to form the society in which they live. This essay sets out to discuss John Locke’s social contract theory and the dictum that it is the linchpin of democratic governance. The essay starts by defining key concepts namely social contract and democratic governance, and moves on to look at John Locke’s philosophy and its relevance to democratic governance today. Social contract is defined by American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (2011) as a usually implicit agreement among the members of an organised society or between the governed and the government defining and limiting the rights and duties of each. Democratic Governance according to Chama and Maguire (2005) is defined as a system of government where institutions…show more content…
The only difference being replacing Federative power by Judicial power. In Zimbabwe and indeed other African States we have opted to use Parliament in place of federative power. Such variations are common across Africa. The major problem facing countries is non adherence by the governments to the Social Contract principles as propounded by John Locke. John Locke argues that if the government does not fulfil its obligations, citizens can challenge it and choose another Government. According to John Locke this can only happen at the end of the contract that is after the government’s term of office. This is what is prevailing on the ground today. However in some countries the people have gone contrary to Locke’s ideas and have taken confrontational approach that was advocated by

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