Social, Cultural And Environmental Factors Of The Social Determinants Of Health

780 Words4 Pages
Introduction The social determinants of health are social, political, cultural and environmental factors which greatly influence one’s well-being (Mikkonen & Raphael, 2010). One of the key social determinants of health, healthy child development, plays an essential role in an individual’s physical, psychological and social well-being throughout their lives (Community Health Nurses of Canada, 2011). However, if a child is maltreated, their opportunity for healthy development can be disrupted (Molnar, Beatriz & Beardslee, 2016). Child maltreatment refers to when a child receives any form of physical, emotional, sexual abuse and/or neglect, which results in the actual or potential harm to the child’s health (Health Canada, 2004). Despite this, each year, numerous Canadian children are being abused and neglected (Health Canada, 2004). According to the Statistics Canada (2014), one-third (33%) of Canadians over the age of 15 have experienced some form of child maltreatment. In particular, Rothwell & Boer (2013) acknowledges how incidence rates of maltreatment of children double when they derive from low socioeconomic status (SES) family. These families often experience economic hardship which places an immense amount of stress on them, subsequently increasing their risk of harsh or physically aggressive parenting behaviour (Merrick & Latzman, 2014). As well, low-income parents may find it financially challenging to provide the basic necessities for their children,
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