Social Darwinism: Herbert Spencer and The Catholic Church Essay

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Herbert Spencer was the most important Social Darwinist of the 19th Century. He was the first to begin thinking about evolutionist long before Darwin came out with his book on the "Origins of Species". He had many theories such as that everything evolves from one basic creature and then breaks off into more diverse species (Haberman (Hab.), 171). His theory was that social, political, and intellectual movements were caused by the development from the homogeneous to the heterogeneous. Spencer once stated, "If the advance of man towards greater heterogeneity is traceable to the production of many effects by one cause, still more clearly may the advance of society towards greater heterogeneity be…show more content…
It is needed in order for the fit to stay on top of the economic and social struggle (Sweet). Spencer played a large role in the 19th century and the effects on society, religion and politics that would later affect our world today. The Catholic Church As the Catholic Church and its beliefs were still strong in the 19th century, it was about to be challenged like never before in it's history. A man named Charles Darwin did this through his views on nature, also challenging biblical theology and raising debates about the beliefs of people. This uproar fuelled studying of ancient languages and the bible. What resulted was the new fact that the bible was written by many people, at many different times (Hab). These studies suggested that man, only to give himself a feeling of belongingness in the world created religion. This brought up major questions and many doubts in faith to Christians and the Jewish. As well as more legitimacy to the "Origin of Species" which proved scientifically many faults and untruths in the bible. However to many, including the Protestants, Darwin was thought to be "The Devil" because of his atheistic views. The Catholic Church dealt with Social Darwinists in a way that was different from past methods, they did not condemn Darwinism, as it
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