Social Deviance

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Social Deviance Compiled by Parul Parihar As Young and Mack have pointed out, “No norm is always obeyed; no individual always conforms to every set of expectations”. Hence, deviance, that is, the act of going against the rules or norms is there everywhere. Deviant Behaviour such as knavery, cheating, adultery, unfairness, crime, malingering, immorality, dishonesty, betrayal, burglary, corruption, cunningness, sneakiness, wickedness, gambling, drunkenness etc., go along with conformity. Definitions of Deviance 1) Horton and Hunt “The term Deviation is given to any failure to conform to customary norms”. 2) Louise Weston “Deviance can be defined as behavior that is…show more content…
This ‘defective Socialization’ involves emotional disturbance which leads to the formation of maladjusted personality traits. * As with Biological theories, Sociologists tend to dismiss psychological explanations of deviance. Firstly, they argue that such theories tend to ignore the social and cultural factors in the explanation of deviance. Secondly, they argue that the methodology of the studies is suspect. There is little agreement among psychologists about what constitutes mental health and on how to measure personality characteristics. Thirdly, many Sociologists reject the priority given to childhood experiences. Factors facilitating Deviance H.M.Johnson had listed a few factors that facilitate deviance among which the following may be noted: 1) Faulty Socialization 2) Weak Sanctions 3) Poor Enforcement 4) Ease of Rationalization 5) Ambivalence of the agents of Social Control 6) Subcultural Support of Deviance 7) Secrecy of Violation 8) Poverty 9) Lack of Education Types of Deviance Robert Merton ‘s Structural Strain Theory gives vent to creation of four responses as evident in four deviant forms visible as a reaction towards failing to achieve Culturally defined Goals and Institutionally prescribed means towards reaching those goals: a) Innovation b) Ritualism c) Retreatism d) Rebellion e) conformist Implications of Deviance * Labeling-
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